parasitism

[ par-uh-sahy-tiz-uhm, -si- ]
/ ˈpær ə saɪˌtɪz əm, -sɪ- /

noun

Biology. a relation between organisms in which one lives as a parasite on another.
a parasitic mode of life or existence.
Pathology. a diseased condition due to parasites.
(in some totalitarian countries)
  1. unemployment or refusal to work.
  2. employment in work considered nonessential by the state.

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Origin of parasitism

First recorded in 1605–15; parasite + -ism

OTHER WORDS FROM parasitism

non·par·a·sit·ism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for parasitism

British Dictionary definitions for parasitism

parasitism
/ (ˈpærəsaɪˌtɪzəm) /

noun

the relationship between a parasite and its host
the state of being infested with parasites
the state of being a parasite
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for parasitism

parasitism
[ părə-sĭ-tĭz′əm, -sī- ]

n.

A symbiotic relationship in which one species, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for parasitism

parasitism
[ părə-sĭ-tĭz′əm ]

A relationship between two organisms in which one organism (the parasite) benefits and the other (the host) is harmed. Parasites derive nutrition from their host and may also gain other benefits such as shelter and a habitat in which to grow and reproduce. See more at parasite. Compare amensalism commensalism mutualism.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.