• synonyms


[puh-rohl, par-uh l]Law.
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  1. something stated or declared.
  2. by parol, by word of mouth; orally.
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  1. given by word of mouth; oral; not contained in documents: parol evidence.
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Origin of parol

1470–80; earlier parole < Anglo-French, Old French < Vulgar Latin *paraula, syncopated variant of *paravola; Latin parabola parable; cf. parley
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words


Examples from the Web for parol

Historical Examples

  • The rule was laid down, "by parol the party is not obliged."

    The Common Law

    Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

  • The mistake may, to a certain extent, be rectified by parol evidence.

  • The submission may be effected sometimes by parol, sometimes by written instrument, sometimes by deed or deed poll.

  • If, however, a legatee be described by initials of his name only, parol evidence may be given to prove his identity.

  • In Maryland, the strict rules of construction prevail, and no parol evidence is admitted except as in England.

British Dictionary definitions for parol


  1. (formerly) the pleadings in an action when presented by word of mouth
  2. an oral statement; word of mouth (now only in the phrase by parol)
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    1. (of a contract, lease, etc) made orally or in writing but not under seal
    2. expressed or given by word of mouthparol evidence
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Word Origin

C15: from Old French parole speech; see parole
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for parol


"oral statement," late 15c., from Anglo-French (14c.), from Old French parole "word, speech, argument" (see parole (n.)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper