Also called parotid gland. a salivary gland situated at the base of each ear.


of, relating to, or situated near either parotid.

Origin of parotid

1680–90; < New Latin parōtid- (stem of parōtis) parotid gland; Latin: tumor near the ear < Greek parōtís. See par-, oto-
Related formspa·rot·i·de·an, adjectivepost·pa·rot·id, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for parotid

Historical Examples of parotid

British Dictionary definitions for parotid



relating to or situated near the parotid gland


Word Origin for parotid

C17: via French, via Latin from Greek parōtis, from para- 1 (near) + -ōtis, from ous ear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for parotid

"situated near the ear," 1680s, from French parotide (1540s), or directly from Latin parotid-, stem of parotis, from Greek parotis "tumor near the ear," from para- "beside" (see para- (1)) + ot-, stem of ous "ear" (see ear (n.1)). As a noun, "the parotid gland."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

parotid in Medicine




Situated near the ear.
Of or relating to a parotid gland.


A parotid gland.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.