the act of killing one's father, mother, or other close relative.
a person who commits such an act.

Origin of parricide

1545–55; < Latin parricīdum act of kin-murder, parricīda kin-killer, equivalent to pāri- (akin to Greek pāós, Attic pēós kinsman) + -cīdum, -cida -cide
Related formspar·ri·cid·al, adjective
Can be confusedmatricide parricide patricide Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for parricide

Historical Examples of parricide

  • There stands a gibbet by the road, on which a parricide was hanged in chains.

    Eugene Aram, Complete

    Edward Bulwer-Lytton

  • God aids no child to parricide—and thou art England's child!

    Harold, Complete

    Edward Bulwer-Lytton

  • With all your abominations you are yet a saint in comparison with a parricide.

    The Robbers

    Friedrich Schiller

  • Should the assassin come, it will not be with the blow of a parricide.

  • Absolution to any parricide, matricide, or fratricide, for three ducats.


    Friedrich Maximilian von Klinger

British Dictionary definitions for parricide



the act of killing either of one's parents
a person who kills his parent
Derived Formsparricidal, adjective

Word Origin for parricide

C16: from Latin parricīdium murder of a parent or relative, and from parricīda one who murders a relative, from parri- (element related to Greek pēos kinsman) + -cīdium, -cīda -cide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for parricide

1. "person who kills a parent or near relative" (1550s), also 2. "act of killing parent or near relative" (1560s), both from Middle French parricide (13c. in sense 1, 16c. in sense 2), from 1. Latin parricida, 2. Latin parricidium, probably from parus "relative" (of uncertain origin, but cf. Greek paos, peos "relation," Sanskrit purushah "man") + 1. cida "killer," 2. cidium "killing," both from caedere (see -cide).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper