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patina

[pat-n-uh, puh-tee-nuh]
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noun
  1. a film or incrustation, usually green, produced by oxidation on the surface of old bronze and often esteemed as being of ornamental value.
  2. a similar film or coloring appearing gradually on some other substance.
  3. a surface calcification of implements, usually indicating great age.
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Also patine [puh-teen] /pəˈtin/.

Origin of patina

1740–50; < Italian: coating < Latin: pan. See paten
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

glossglazeshimmergleamlusterpatinasparkleglitzsheenlayersheetcoatblanketskincrustvarnishmembraneveneerappearancesurface

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British Dictionary definitions for patina

patina1

noun plural -nas
  1. a film of oxide formed on the surface of a metal, esp the green oxidation of bronze or copperSee also verdigris (def. 1)
  2. any fine layer on a surfacea patina of frost
  3. the sheen on a surface that is caused by much handling
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Word Origin

C18: from Italian: coating, from Latin: patina ²

patina2

noun plural -nae (-ˌniː)
  1. a broad shallow dish used in ancient Rome
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Word Origin

from Latin, from Greek patanē platter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for patina

n.

"greenish film on old bronze," 1748, from French patine (18c.), from Italian patina, perhaps from Latin patina "dish, pan" (see pan (n.)), on the notion of encrustation on ancient bronze dishes. Sense of "refinement, cultural sophistication" first recorded 1933.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper