noun Archaic, British Dialect.
noun, plural peas, (Archaic or British Dialect) pease or peas·en [pee-zuh n] /ˈpi zən/.
the round, edible seed of a widely cultivated plant, Pisum sativum, of the legume family.
the plant itself.
the green, somewhat inflated pod of this plant.
any of various related or similar plants or their seed, as the chickpea.
something resembling a pea, especially in being small and round.
pertaining to, growing, containing, or cooked with peas: We cultivated some tomato vines and a pea patch.
small or small and round (usually used in combination).
Origin of pea1
1275–1325; Middle English;
back formation from pease
, taken as plural
Related formspea·like, adjective
Also called English pea, garden pea
, green pea (for defs 1, 2)
noun, plural pease or peas·en [pee-zuh n] /ˈpi zən/. Archaic.
British Dialect. a plural of pea1.
Origin of pease
before 900; Middle English pese, Old English peose, pise < Late Latin pisa feminine singular use of plural of Latin pisum (neuter) < Greek píson pea, pulseRelated formspease·like, adjective
Origin of pea2
First recorded in 1825–35;
perhaps short for peak1
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Related Words for peasenstone
British Dictionary definitions for peasen
noun plural pease
an archaic or dialect word for pea
Word Origin for pease
Old English peose, via Late Latin from Latin pisa peas, pl of pisum, from Greek pison
Derived Formspealike, adjective
an annual climbing leguminous plant, Pisum sativum, with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds: cultivated in temperate regions
- the seed of this plant, eaten as a vegetable
- (as modifier)pea soup
any of several other leguminous plants, such as the sweet pea, chickpea, and cowpea
Word Origin for pea
C17: from pease (incorrectly assumed to be a plural)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for peasen
early or mid-17c., false singular from Middle English pease (plural pesen), which was both single and collective (e.g. wheat, corn) but the "s" sound was mistaken for the plural inflection. From Old English pise (West Saxon), piose (Mercian) "pea," from Late Latin pisa, variant of Latin pisum "pea," from Greek pison "the pea," perhaps of Thracian or Phrygian origin [Klein].
In Southern U.S. and the Caribbean, used of other legumes as well. Pea soup is first recorded 1711 (pease-soup); applied to London fogs since at least 1849. Pea-shooter attested from 1803.
Old English; see pea, of which this is the etymologically correct form.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Idioms and Phrases with peasen
see like as two peas in a pod.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
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