penalize

[peen-l-ahyz, pen-]
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verb (used with object), pe·nal·ized, pe·nal·iz·ing.
  1. to subject to a penalty, as a person.
  2. to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule.
  3. to put under a disadvantage or handicap.
Also especially British, pe·nal·ise.

Origin of penalize

First recorded in 1865–70; penal + -ize
Related formspe·nal·iz·a·ble, adjectivepe·nal·i·za·tion, nounnon·pe·nal·ized, adjectiveo·ver·pe·nal·i·za·tion, nouno·ver·pe·nal·ize, verb (used with object), o·ver·pe·nal·ized, o·ver·pe·nal·iz·ing.re·pe·nal·ize, verb (used with object), re·pe·nal·ized, re·pe·nal·iz·ing.un·pe·nal·ized, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for penalize

penalize

penalise

verb (tr)
  1. to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law or rule
  2. to inflict a handicap or disadvantage on
  3. sport to award a free stroke, point, or penalty against (a player or team)
  4. to declare (an act) legally punishable; make subject to a penalty
Derived Formspenalization or penalisation, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for penalize
v.

1868, from penal + -ize. Related: Penalized; penalizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper