• synonyms


[peen-l-ahyz, pen-]
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verb (used with object), pe·nal·ized, pe·nal·iz·ing.
  1. to subject to a penalty, as a person.
  2. to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule.
  3. to put under a disadvantage or handicap.
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Also especially British, pe·nal·ise.

Origin of penalize

First recorded in 1865–70; penal + -ize
Related formspe·nal·iz·a·ble, adjectivepe·nal·i·za·tion, nounnon·pe·nal·ized, adjectiveo·ver·pe·nal·i·za·tion, nouno·ver·pe·nal·ize, verb (used with object), o·ver·pe·nal·ized, o·ver·pe·nal·iz·ing.re·pe·nal·ize, verb (used with object), re·pe·nal·ized, re·pe·nal·iz·ing.un·pe·nal·ized, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for penalize

discipline, chastise, fine, castigate, chasten, handicap, scold, dock, mulct, judge, amerce, correct, condemn

Examples from the Web for penalize

Contemporary Examples of penalize

Historical Examples of penalize

British Dictionary definitions for penalize



verb (tr)
  1. to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law or rule
  2. to inflict a handicap or disadvantage on
  3. sport to award a free stroke, point, or penalty against (a player or team)
  4. to declare (an act) legally punishable; make subject to a penalty
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Derived Formspenalization or penalisation, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for penalize


1868, from penal + -ize. Related: Penalized; penalizing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper