[ pen-ding ]
/ ˈpɛn dɪŋ /


while awaiting; until: pending his return.
in the period before the decision or conclusion of; during: pending the negotiations.


remaining undecided; awaiting decision or settlement; unfinished: pending business; pending questions; pending litigation.
about to take place; impending.

Nearby words

  1. pendente lite,
  2. pendentive,
  3. pendently,
  4. penderecki,
  5. penderecki, krzysztof,
  6. pendleton,
  7. pendleton, camp,
  8. pendolino,
  9. pendragon,
  10. pendragon, uther

Origin of pending

1635–45; pend + -ing2, on the model of French pendant (see pendent)

Related formsnon·pend·ing, adjectiveun·pend·ing, adjective

Can be confusedpending impending


[ pend ]
/ pɛnd /

verb (used without object)

to remain undecided or unsettled.
to hang.
Obsolete. to depend.

Origin of pend

1490–1500;Latin pendēre to be suspended, hang, depend Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for pending

British Dictionary definitions for pending


/ (ˈpɛndɪŋ) /


while waiting for or anticipating

adjective (postpositive)

not yet decided, confirmed, or finishedwhat are the matters pending?
imminentthese developments have been pending for some time


/ (pɛnd) /

verb (intr)

to await judgment or settlement
dialect to hang; depend


Scot an archway or vaulted passage

Word Origin for pend

C15: from Latin pendēre to hang; related to Latin pendere to suspend

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pending
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper