[ pen-ding ]
/ ˈpɛn dɪŋ /


while awaiting; until: pending his return.
in the period before the decision or conclusion of; during: pending the negotiations.


remaining undecided; awaiting decision or settlement; unfinished: pending business; pending questions; pending litigation.
about to take place; impending.

Origin of pending

1635–45; pend + -ing2, on the model of French pendant (see pendent)

Related forms

non·pend·ing, adjectiveun·pend·ing, adjective

Can be confused

pending impending

Definition for pending (2 of 2)


[ pend ]
/ pɛnd /

verb (used without object)

to remain undecided or unsettled.
to hang.
Obsolete. to depend.

Origin of pend

1490–1500;Latin pendēre to be suspended, hang, depend Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for pending

British Dictionary definitions for pending (1 of 2)


/ (ˈpɛndɪŋ) /


while waiting for or anticipating

adjective (postpositive)

not yet decided, confirmed, or finishedwhat are the matters pending?
imminentthese developments have been pending for some time

British Dictionary definitions for pending (2 of 2)


/ (pɛnd) /

verb (intr)

to await judgment or settlement
dialect to hang; depend


Scot an archway or vaulted passage

Word Origin for pend

C15: from Latin pendēre to hang; related to Latin pendere to suspend
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012