pending

[pen-ding]
See more synonyms for pending on Thesaurus.com
preposition
  1. while awaiting; until: pending his return.
  2. in the period before the decision or conclusion of; during: pending the negotiations.
adjective
  1. remaining undecided; awaiting decision or settlement; unfinished: pending business; pending questions; pending litigation.
  2. about to take place; impending.

Origin of pending

1635–45; pend + -ing2, on the model of French pendant (see pendent)
Related formsnon·pend·ing, adjectiveun·pend·ing, adjective
Can be confusedpending impending

pend

[pend]
verb (used without object)
  1. to remain undecided or unsettled.
  2. to hang.
  3. Obsolete. to depend.

Origin of pend

1490–1500;Latin pendēre to be suspended, hang, depend
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for pending

pending

preposition
  1. while waiting for or anticipating
adjective (postpositive)
  1. not yet decided, confirmed, or finishedwhat are the matters pending?
  2. imminentthese developments have been pending for some time

pend

verb (intr)
  1. to await judgment or settlement
  2. dialect to hang; depend
noun
  1. Scot an archway or vaulted passage

Word Origin for pend

C15: from Latin pendēre to hang; related to Latin pendere to suspend
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pending
prep.

1640s, "during, in the process of," preposition formed from root of French pendant "during," literally "hanging," present participle of pendere "to hang, to suspend" (see pendant). Meaning patterned on a secondary sense of Latin pendente "not decided," literally "hanging," in legal phrase pendente lite "while the suit is pending." Use of the present participle before nouns caused it to be regarded as a preposition. As an adjective from 1797.

pend

v.

c.1500, "to depend, to hang," from French pendre, from Late Latin pendere "to hang" (see pendant). In some cases short for depend.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper