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pent1

[pent]
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verb
  1. a simple past tense and past participle of pen2.
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adjective
  1. shut in; confined.
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Origin of pent1

past participle of late Middle English pend (now obsolete), variant of pen2 (v.); cf. spend

pent2

[pent]
noun
  1. penthouse(def 4).
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Origin of pent2

by shortening

pen1

[pen]
noun
  1. any of various instruments for writing or drawing with ink or a similar substance.
  2. a detachable metal penpoint, filled by dipping or with a quill; nib.
  3. such a penpoint with its penholder.
  4. fountain pen.
  5. ball-point pen.
  6. the pen as the instrument of writing or authorship: The pen is mightier than the sword.
  7. a person's style or quality of writing: He writes with a witty, incisive pen.
  8. a writer: I leave this story to abler pens.
  9. the profession of writing: a master of the pen.
  10. Computers. stylus(def 3).
  11. Ornithology.
    1. a quill.
    2. a pinfeather.
  12. something resembling or suggesting a feather or quill.
  13. Zoology. an internal, corneous or chitinous, feather-shaped structure in certain cephalopods, as the squid.
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verb (used with object), penned, pen·ning.
  1. to write with or as with a pen; put down in writing: to pen an essay.
  2. to draw with or as with a pen: to pen a sketch.
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Origin of pen1

1250–1300; Middle English penne < Old French penne pen, feather < Late Latin penna, Latin: feather
Related formspen·like, adjectivepen·ner, noun

pen2

[pen]
noun
  1. a small enclosure for domestic animals.
  2. animals so enclosed: We have a pen of twenty sheep.
  3. an enclosure used for confinement or safekeeping: We have built several pens to hold our harvest of corn.
  4. playpen.
  5. bull pen.
  6. a dock having a protective concrete structure overhead, used to service and repair submarines.
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verb (used with object), penned or pent, pen·ning.
  1. to confine in or as in a pen.
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Origin of pen2

before 1000; (noun) Middle English penne, Old English penn (in compounds); perhaps akin to pin; (v.) Middle English pennen, derivative of the noun

penta-

  1. a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek, meaning “five” (Pentateuch); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (pentavalent).
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Also especially before a vowel, pent-.

Origin of penta-

< Greek pent-, penta-, comb. forms representing pénte five

Pent.

  1. Pentecost.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for pent

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • In the burst of merriment, his pent feelings found their vent.

    Within the Law

    Marvin Dana

  • What pent malice often is masked by smiling social courtesies!

    Oswald Langdon

    Carson Jay Lee

  • His friend's reply came with the pent promptitude of a gun going off.

  • It was pent, it was dying of confinement, it was breathing with only a tithe of its tissue.

    Child and Country

    Will Levington Comfort

  • We were pent up in the castle by the Danes till our provisions failed.


British Dictionary definitions for pent

pent

verb
  1. a past tense and past participle of pen 2
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PEN

n acronym for
  1. International Association of Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists, and Novelists
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penta-

combining form
  1. fivepentagon; pentameter; pentaprism
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Word Origin

from Greek pente five

pen1

noun
  1. an implement for writing or drawing using ink, formerly consisting of a sharpened and split quill, and now of a metal nib attached to a holderSee also ballpoint, fountain pen
  2. the writing end of such an implement; nib
  3. style of writing
  4. the pen
    1. writing as an occupation
    2. the written wordthe pen is mightier than the sword
  5. the long horny internal shell of a squid
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verb pens, penning or penned
  1. (tr) to write or compose
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Word Origin

Old English pinne, from Late Latin penna (quill) pen, from Latin: feather

pen2

noun
  1. an enclosure in which domestic animals are keptsheep pen
  2. any place of confinement
  3. a dock for servicing submarines, esp one having a bombproof roof
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verb pens, penning, penned or pent
  1. (tr) to enclose or keep in a pen
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Word Origin

Old English penn, perhaps related to pin

pen3

noun
  1. US and Canadian informal short for penitentiary (def. 1)
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pen4

noun
  1. a female swan
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Word Origin

C16: of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pent

adj.

"kept in, confined," 1540s, variant of penned, past participle of pen (v.2). Pent-up (also pent up) is from 1580s.

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pen

n.1

"writing implement," late 13c., from Old French pene "quill pen; feather" (12c.) and directly from Latin penna "a feather, plume," in plural "a wing," in Late Latin, "a pen for writing," from Old Latin petna, pesna, from PIE *pet-na-, suffixed form of root *pet- "to rush; to fly" (see petition (n.)).

Latin penna and pinna "a feather, plume;" in plural "a wing;" also "a pinnacle; battlement" (see pin (n.)) are treated as identical in Watkins, etc., but regarded as separate (but confused) Latin words by Tucker and others, who derive pinna from PIE *spei- "sharp point" (cf. spike (n.1)) and see the "feather/wing" sense as secondary.

In later French, this word means only "long feather of a bird," while the equivalent of English plume is used for "writing implement," the senses of the two words thus are reversed from the situation in English. Pen-and-ink (adj.) is attested from 1670s. Pen name is recorded from mid-19c.

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pen

n.2

"enclosure for animals," Old English penn, penne, "enclosure, pen, fold," of uncertain origin, perhaps related to Old English pinn "pin, peg" (see pin (n.)) on notion of a bolted gate or else "structure made of pointed stakes."

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penta-

word-forming element meaning "five, containing five," from Greek penta- (before a vowel pent-), comb. form of pente "five," related to Aeolian pempte (see five), with -a- by analogy of hepta-, ennea-, deka-.

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pen

v.1

late 15c., from pen (n.). Related: Penned; penning.

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pen

v.2

"to enclose in a pen," c.1200, from Old English *pennian, from the source of pen (n.2). Related: Penned; penning.

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pen

n.3

slang, "prison," 1884, shortening of penitentiary; earlier use (1845) probably is a figurative extension of pen (n.2).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

pent in Medicine

penta-

pref.
  1. Five:pentameter.
  2. Containing five atoms, molecules, or groups:pentose.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with pent

pen

see slip of the lip (pen).

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.