[pen-tuh-took, -tyook]


the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

Origin of Pentateuch

< Late Latin Pentateuchus < Late Greek pentáteuchos, equivalent to Greek penta- penta- + teûchos tool, vessel (Late Greek: scroll case book)
Related formsPen·ta·teuch·al, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for pentateuch

Historical Examples of pentateuch

British Dictionary definitions for pentateuch



the first five books of the Old Testament regarded as a unity
Derived FormsPentateuchal, adjective

Word Origin for Pentateuch

C16: from Church Latin pentateuchus, from Greek penta- + teukhos tool (in Late Greek: scroll)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pentateuch


first five books of the Bible, c.1400, from Late Latin pentateuchus (Tertullian, c.207), from Greek pentateukhos (c.160), originally an adjective (abstracted from phrase pentateukhos biblos), from pente "five" (see five) + teukhos "implement, vessel, gear" (in Late Greek "book," via notion of "case for scrolls"), literally "anything produced," related to teukhein "to make ready," from PIE *dheugh- "to produce something of utility" (see doughty).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper