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per stirpes

[pur stur-peez, per]
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adjective, adverb Law.
  1. pertaining to or noting a method of dividing an estate in which the descendants of a deceased person share as a group in the portion of the estate to which the deceased would have been entitled.
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Origin of per stirpes

First recorded in 1675–85, per stirpes is from the Latin word per stirpēs literally, by stocks
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Word Origin and History for per stirpes

Latin, "by families, by stocks;" in legal use, for inheritances, etc., opposed to per capita.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper