[ per-uh-stroi-kuh; Russian pyi-ryi-stroi-kuh ]
/ ˌpɛr əˈstrɔɪ kə; Russian pyɪ ryɪˈstrɔɪ kə /


Russian. the program of economic and political reform in the Soviet Union initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev in 1986.

Nearby words

  1. perennial,
  2. perennial ryegrass,
  3. perentie,
  4. peres,
  5. peres, shimon,
  6. peretz,
  7. peretz, isaac loeb,
  8. perey,
  9. perez esquivel,
  10. perez, isaac loeb

Origin of perestroika

From the Russian word perestróĭka literally, rebuilding, reorganization Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for perestroika

British Dictionary definitions for perestroika


/ (ˌpɛrəˈstrɔɪkə) /


the policy of reconstructing the economy, etc, of the former Soviet Union under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachov

Word Origin for perestroika

C20: Russian, literally: reconstruction

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for perestroika



1981, from Russian perestroika, literally "rebuilding, reconstruction, reform" (of Soviet society, etc.), from pere- "re-" (from Old Russian pere- "around, again," from Proto-Slavic *per-, from PIE *per- (1) "forward, through;" see per) + stroika "building, construction," from Old Russian stroji "order," from PIE *stroi-, from root *stere- "to spread" (see structure (n.)). First proposed at the 26th Party Congress (1981); popularized in English 1985 during Mikhail Gorbachev's leadership of the U.S.S.R.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper