perfunctory

[ per-fuhngk-tuh-ree ]
/ pərˈfʌŋk tə ri /

adjective

performed merely as a routine duty; hasty and superficial: perfunctory courtesy.
lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; indifferent or apathetic: In his lectures he reveals himself to be merely a perfunctory speaker.

Nearby words

  1. performing arts,
  2. perfume,
  3. perfumed,
  4. perfumer,
  5. perfumery,
  6. perfusate,
  7. perfuse,
  8. perfusion,
  9. perfusive,
  10. pergamum

Origin of perfunctory

1575–85; < Late Latin perfūnctōrius negligent, superficial, derivative of perfungī to do one's job, be done, equivalent to per- per- + fung-, base of fungī to perform, function + -tōrius -tory1

Related formsper·func·to·ri·ly, adverbper·func·to·ri·ness, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for perfunctory


British Dictionary definitions for perfunctory

perfunctory

/ (pəˈfʌŋktərɪ) /

adjective

done superficially, only as a matter of routine; careless or cursory
dull or indifferent
Derived Formsperfunctorily, adverbperfunctoriness, noun

Word Origin for perfunctory

C16: from Late Latin perfunctōrius negligent, from perfunctus dispatched, from perfungī to fulfil; see function

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for perfunctory

perfunctory

adj.

1580s, from Late Latin perfunctorius "careless, negligent," literally "like one who wishes to get through a thing," from Latin perfungus, past participle of perfungi "discharge, busy oneself, get through," from per- "through" + fungi "perform" (see function (n.)). Related: Perfunctorily.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper