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pergola

[pur-guh-luh]
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noun
  1. an arbor formed of horizontal trelliswork supported on columns or posts, over which vines or other plants are trained.
  2. a colonnade having the form of such an arbor.
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Origin of pergola

1645–55; < Italian < Latin pergula projecting roof, arbor
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for pergola

pergola

noun
  1. a horizontal trellis or framework, supported on posts, that carries climbing plants and may form a covered walk
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Word Origin

C17: via Italian from Latin pergula projection from a roof, from pergere to go forward
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pergola

n.

latticework structure for climbing plants, 1670s, from Italian pergola, from Latin pergula "school, lecture room; projecting roof, vine arbor," of uncertain origin; perhaps from pergere "to come forward."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper