[ peer-ee ]
/ ˈpɪər i /

noun, plural pe·ris.

one of a large group of beautiful, fairylike beings of Persian mythology, represented as descended from fallen angels and excluded from paradise until their penance is accomplished.
any lovely, graceful person.

Origin of peri

1770–80; < Persian perī, variant of parī fairy, Middle Persian parīk, Avestan pairikā witch

Definition for peri (2 of 3)

[ pe-ree ]
/ ˈpɛ ri /


Ja·co·po [yah-kaw-paw] /ˈyɑ kɔ pɔ/, 1561–1633, Italian composer.

Definition for peri (3 of 3)


a prefix meaning “about” or “around” (perimeter, periscope), “enclosing” or “surrounding” (pericardium), and “near” (perigee, perihelion), appearing in loanwords from Greek (peripeteia); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (perimorph).

Origin of peri-

< Greek, prefixal use of perí (adv. and preposition) Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for peri

British Dictionary definitions for peri (1 of 2)

/ (ˈpɪərɪ) /

noun plural -ris

(in Persian folklore) one of a race of beautiful supernatural beings
any beautiful fairy-like creature

Word Origin for peri

C18: from Persian: fairy, from Avestan pairikā witch

British Dictionary definitions for peri (2 of 2)



enclosing, encircling, or aroundpericardium; pericarp; perigon
near or adjacentperihelion

Word Origin for peri-

from Greek peri around, near, about
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for peri



Around; about; enclosing:perimysium.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for peri


A prefix that means: “around” (as in pericardium,) or “near” (as in perihelion).
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.