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peroxide

[puh-rok-sahyd]
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noun
  1. Chemistry.
    1. hydrogen peroxide, H2O2 or H–O–O–H.
    2. a compound containing the bivalent group –O2–, derived from hydrogen peroxide, as sodium peroxide, Na2O2, or dimethyl peroxide, C3H6O2.
    3. the oxide of an element that contains an unusually large amount of oxygen.
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verb (used with object), per·ox·id·ed, per·ox·id·ing.
  1. to use peroxide as a bleaching agent on (especially the hair).
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Origin of peroxide

First recorded in 1795–1805; per- + oxide
Related formsper·ox·id·ic [pur-ok-sid-ik] /ˌpɜr ɒkˈsɪd ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for peroxide

peroxide

noun
  1. short for hydrogen peroxide, esp when used for bleaching hair
  2. any of a class of metallic oxides, such as sodium peroxide, Na 2 O 2, that contain the divalent ion O-O
  3. (not in technical usage) any of certain dioxides, such as manganese peroxide, MnO 2, that resemble peroxides in their formula but do not contain the O-O ion
  4. any of a class of organic compounds whose molecules contain two oxygen atoms bound together. They tend to be explosive
  5. (modifier) of, relating to, bleached with, or resembling peroxide
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verb
  1. (tr) to bleach (the hair) with peroxide
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for peroxide

n.

1804, formed in English from per- "large amount" + oxide. Peroxide blonde is attested from 1918.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

peroxide in Medicine

peroxide

(pə-rŏksīd′)
n.
  1. A compound, such as sodium peroxide, that contains a peroxy group and yields hydrogen peroxide when treated with an acid.
  2. Hydrogen peroxide.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

peroxide in Science

peroxide

[pə-rŏksīd′]
  1. A compound containing the group O2. Peroxides are strong oxidizers and are used as industrial bleaches. When any peroxide is combined with an acid, one of the products is hydrogen peroxide.
  2. Hydrogen peroxide.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.