[ pur-zhuhn, -shuhn ]

  1. of or relating to ancient and recent Persia (now Iran), its people, or their language.

  1. a member of the native peoples of Iran, descended in part from the ancient Iranians.

  2. a citizen of ancient Persia.

  1. an Iranian language, the principal language of Iran and western Afghanistan, in its historical and modern forms. Abbreviations: Pers, Pers.: Compare Old Persian, Pahlavi, Farsi.

  2. Architecture. a figure of a man used as a column.

  3. Persians. Persian blinds.

Origin of Persian

First recorded in 1325–75; Persi(a) + -an; replacing Middle English Persien, from Middle French; replacing Old English Persisc (see -ish1)

Other words from Persian

  • pre-Persian, adjective, noun
  • pseudo-Persian, adjective, noun
  • trans-Persian, adjective

Words Nearby Persian Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use Persian in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for Persian


/ (ˈpɜːʃən) /

  1. of or relating to ancient Persia or modern Iran, their inhabitants, or their languages

  1. a native, citizen, or inhabitant of modern Iran; an Iranian

  2. a member of an Indo-European people of West Iranian speech who established a great empire in SW Asia in the 6th century bc

  1. the language of Iran or Persia in any of its ancient or modern forms, belonging to the West Iranian branch of the Indo-European family: See also Avestan, Old Persian, Pahlavi 2, Farsi

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012