personality

[pur-suh-nal-i-tee]

noun, plural per·son·al·i·ties.


Origin of personality

1350–1400; Middle English personalite (< Middle French) < Late Latin persōnālitās. See personal, -ity

Synonym study

1. See character.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for personalities

personality

noun plural -ties

psychol the sum total of all the behavioural and mental characteristics by means of which an individual is recognized as being unique
the distinctive character of a person that makes him socially attractivea salesman needs a lot of personality
a well-known person in a certain field, such as sport or entertainment
a remarkable personthe old fellow is a real personality
the quality of being a unique person
the distinctive atmosphere of a place or situation
(often plural) a personal remark
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for personalities

personality

n.

late 14c., "quality or fact of being a person," from Medieval Latin personalitatem (nominative personalitas), from Late Latin personalis (see personal). Sense of "a distinctive character" is first recorded 1795, from French personnalité.

Personality is the supreme realization of the innate idiosyncrasy of a living being. It is an act of courage flung in the face of life, the absolute affirmation of all that constitutes the individual, the most successful adaptation to the universal conditions of existence, coupled with the greatest possible freedom of self-determination. [C.G. Jung, 1875-1961]

Meaning "person whose character stands out from that of others" is from 1889. Personality cult is attested from 1956.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for personalities

personality

[pûr′sə-nălĭ-tē]

n.

The quality or condition of being a person.
The totality of qualities and traits, as of character or behavior, that are peculiar to a specific person.
The pattern of collective character, behavioral, temperamental, emotional, and mental traits of a person.
Distinctive qualities of a person, especially those personal characteristics that make one socially appealing.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Culture definitions for personalities

personality

The pattern of feelings, thoughts, and activities that distinguishes one person from another.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.