phantasm

or fan·tasm

[ fan-taz-uhm ]
/ ˈfæn tæz əm /

noun

an apparition or specter.
a creation of the imagination or fancy; fantasy.
a mental image or representation of a real object.
an illusory likeness of something.

Origin of phantasm

1175–1225; < Latin phantasma < Greek phántasma image, vision (akin to phantázein to bring before the mind); replacing Middle English fantesme < Old French < Latin as above

Synonym study

1. See apparition.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for phantasm

British Dictionary definitions for phantasm

phantasm

/ (ˈfæntæzəm) /

noun

a phantom
an illusory perception of an object, person, etc
(in the philosophy of Plato) objective reality as distorted by perception
Derived Formsphantasmal or phantasmic, adjectivephantasmally or phantasmically, adverb

Word Origin for phantasm

C13: from Old French fantasme, from Latin phantasma, from Greek; related to Greek phantazein to cause to be seen, from phainein to show
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for phantasm

phantasm


n.

early 13c., fantesme, from Old French fantosme "a dream, illusion, fantasy; apparition, ghost, phantom" (12c.), and directly from Latin phantasma "an apparition, specter," from Greek phantasma "image, phantom, apparition; mere image, unreality," from phantazein "to make visible, display," from stem of phainein "to bring to light, make appear; come to light, be seen, appear; explain, expound, inform against; appear to be so," from PIE root *bha- (1) "to shine" (cf. Sanskrit bhati "shines, glitters," Old Irish ban "white, light, ray of light"). Spelling conformed to Latin from 16c. (see ph). A spelling variant of phantom, "differentiated, but so that the differences are elusive" [Fowler].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for phantasm

phantasm

[ făntăz′əm ]

n.

Something apparently seen but having no physical reality; an apparition.
An illusory mental image.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.