A group of radical thinkers and writers in France in the eighteenth century, including Voltaire and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The philosophes stressed the use of human reason and were especially critical of established religious and political practices in France.
Words nearby philosophes
How to use philosophes in a sentence
The philosophes desired freedom of thought in religion, constitutional liberty, and the abolition of privilege of all kinds.The Political History of England - Vol. X.|William Hunt
It is a violent case of prejudice, this ordinary appeal of Bossuet, 'Qu'ont gagné les philosophes avec leurs discours pompeux?'The Posthumous Works of Thomas De Quincey, Vol. 1 (2 vols)|Thomas De Quincey
He pours out his contempt on the Parisian philosophes who idealized primitive man and natural virtue.The Long White Cloud|William Pember Reeves
The literary world is divided into three corresponding classes—rudits, philosophes and beaux esprits.
In France it was lauded by the philosophes, while it was scouted by the medical faculty.A History of Epidemics in Britain, Volume II (of 2)|Charles Creighton