phloem

[ floh-em ]
/ ˈfloʊ ɛm /
|

noun

the part of a vascular bundle consisting of sieve tubes, companion cells, parenchyma, and fibers and forming the food-conducting tissue of a plant.

Nearby words

  1. phlegmonous abscess,
  2. phlegmonous gastritis,
  3. phlegmonous mastitis,
  4. phlegmy,
  5. phlm.,
  6. phloem necrosis,
  7. phloem ray,
  8. phlogistic,
  9. phlogiston,
  10. phlogopite

Origin of phloem

< German (1858), irregular < Greek phló(os) bark (variant of phloiós) + -ēma deverbal noun ending

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for phloem


British Dictionary definitions for phloem

phloem

/ (ˈfləʊɛm) /

noun

tissue in higher plants that conducts synthesized food substances to all parts of the plant

Word Origin for phloem

C19: via German from Greek phloos bark

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for phloem

phloem

n.

1870, from German phloëm (1858), coined by German botanist Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli (1817-1891) from Greek phloos, phloios "bark of trees," of uncertain origin, + passive suffix -ema.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for phloem

phloem

[ flōĕm′ ]

A tissue in vascular plants that conducts food from the leaves and other photosynthetic tissues to other plant parts. Phloem consists of several different kinds of cells: sieve elements, parenchyma cells, sclereids, and fibers. In mature woody plants it forms a sheathlike layer of tissue in the stem, just inside the bark. See more at cambium photosynthesis. Compare xylem.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Culture definitions for phloem

phloem

[ (floh-em) ]

The system of vessels in a plant that carries food from the leaves to the rest of the plant. (See xylem.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.