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phloem

[ floh-em ]

noun

  1. the part of a vascular bundle consisting of sieve tubes, companion cells, parenchyma, and fibers and forming the food-conducting tissue of a plant.


phloem

/ ˈfləʊɛm /

noun

  1. tissue in higher plants that conducts synthesized food substances to all parts of the plant


phloem

/ flōĕm′ /

  1. A tissue in vascular plants that conducts food from the leaves and other photosynthetic tissues to other plant parts. Phloem consists of several different kinds of cells: sieve elements, parenchyma cells, sclereids, and fibers. In mature woody plants it forms a sheathlike layer of tissue in the stem, just inside the bark.
  2. See more at cambiumCompare xylem


phloem

  1. The system of vessels in a plant that carries food from the leaves to the rest of the plant. ( See xylem .)


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Word History and Origins

Origin of phloem1

First recorded in 1870–75; from German Phloëm, irregularly formed from Greek phló(os), phloiós “bark (of a tree), rind (of a fruit)” + -ēma passive noun suffix

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Word History and Origins

Origin of phloem1

C19: via German from Greek phloos bark

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Compare Meanings

How does phloem compare to similar and commonly confused words? Explore the most common comparisons:

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Example Sentences

The process of moving food around through phloem is known as translocation.

Extra phloem tissue that carries lots of food allows some pumpkins to grow to enormous sizes.

In some cases he seems to refer to the phloem and cambium by this name, and in other cases to the perimedullary zone.

These concentric rings of secondary xylem and phloem (fig. 9) afford a characteristic cycadean feature.

The tissue in question is marked by S, c, hb in the figure, and is called phloem or bast.

The browning in the vascular bundles appeared to be confined to the phloem tissue.

The central tissue (x) is called the woody tissue (xylem); the outer, the bast (phloem).

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Phlm.phloem necrosis