or Pnom Penh, Pnom-penh, Pnom·penh
[nom pen, puh-nawm pen]
- a city in and the capital of Cambodia, in the S part.
- a republic in SE Asia: formerly part of French Indochina. 69,866 sq. mi. (180,953 sq. km). Capital: Phnom Penh.
Formerly People's Republic of Kampuchea, Khmer Republic.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- a country in SE Asia: became part of French Indochina in 1887; achieved self-government in 1949 and independence in 1953; civil war (1970–74) ended in victory for the Khmer Rouge, who renamed the country Kampuchea (1975) and carried out extreme-radical political and economic reforms resulting in a considerable reduction of the population; Vietnamese forces ousted the Khmer Rouge in 1979 and set up a pro-Vietnamese government who reverted (1981) to the name Cambodia; after Vietnamese withdrawal in 1989 a peace settlement with exiled factions was followed in 1993 by the adoption of a democratic monarchist constitution restoring Prince Sihanouk to the throne. The country contains the central plains of the Mekong River and the Cardamom Mountains in the SW. Official language: Khmer; French is also widely spoken. Currency: riel. Capital: Phnom Penh. Pop: 15 205 539 (2013 est). Area: 181 000 sq km (69 895 sq miles)
- the capital of Cambodia, a port in the south at the confluence of the Mekong and Tonle Sap Rivers: capital of the country since 1865; university (1960). Pop: 1 174 000 (2005 est)Official transliteration: Phnum Péhn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
from Kambu, legendary ancestor of the people. Related: Cambodian.
Cambodian capital, literally "mountain of plenty," from Cambodian phnom "mountain, hill" + penh "full."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Part of French-ruled Indochina until 1946, it then became self-governing. It was granted full independence in 1953.
The Japanese occupied Cambodia during World War II.
It was a major battleground of the Vietnam War.
In 1979, Vietnam invaded Cambodia and installed a puppet government. In 1989, Vietnamese troops withdrew from Cambodia.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.