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plaice

[pleys]
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noun, plural plaice.
  1. a European flatfish, Pleuronectes platessa, used for food.
  2. any of various American flatfishes or flounders.
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Origin of plaice

1250–1300; Middle English, variant of plais < Old French < Late Latin platessa flatfish < Greek platýs flat1, broad
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for plaice

plaice

noun plural plaice or plaices
  1. a European flatfish, Pleuronectes platessa, having an oval brown body marked with red or orange spots and valued as a food fish: family Pleuronectidae
  2. US and Canadian any of various other fishes of the family Pleuronectidae, esp Hippoglossoides platessoides
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Word Origin

C13: from Old French plaïz, from Late Latin platessa flatfish, from Greek platus flat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for plaice

n.

type of European edible flatfish, late 13c., from Old French plaise (12c., Modern French plie), from Late Latin platessa "plaice, flatfish," perhaps related to or from Greek platys "broad, flat," from PIE *plat- "to spread" (cf. Sanskrit prathati "spreads out;" Hittite palhi "broad;" Lithuanian platus "broad;" German Fladen "flat cake;" Old Norse flatr "flat;" Old English flet "floor, dwelling;" Old Irish lethan "broad"); extended variant form of root *pele- (2) "flat; to spread" (see plane (n.1)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper