- either end of an ideal axis in a nucleus, cell, or ovum, about which parts are more or less symmetrically arranged.
- either end of a spindle-shaped figure formed in a cell during mitosis.
- the place at which a cell extension or process begins, as a nerve cell axon or a flagellum.
- a singular point at which a given function of a complex variable can be expanded in a Laurent series beginning with a specified finite, negative power of the variable.
- origin(def 6b).
Origin of pole2
Related Words for poles apartconflicting, inappropriate, unsuitable, incongruous, irreconcilable, inconsistent, unsuited, uneven, differing, contrasting, disparate, distinct, distinctive, peculiar, offbeat, diverse, various, particular, distant, other
- the inside lane of a racecourse
- (as modifier)the pole position
- one of a number of markers placed at intervals of one sixteenth of a mile along the side of a racecourse
- any light spar
- the part of a mast between the head and the attachment of the uppermost shrouds
- slightly mad
- mistaken; on the wrong track
- to set out (an area of land or garden) with poles
- to support (a crop, such as hops or beans) on poles
Word Origin for pole
- either of the two regions at the extremities of a magnet to which the lines of force converge or from which they diverge
- either of two points or regions in a piece of material, system, etc, at which there are opposite electric charges, as at the two terminals of a battery
- either end of the axis of a cell, spore, ovum, or similar body
- either end of the spindle formed during the metaphase of mitosis and meiosis
Word Origin for pole
"stake," late Old English pal "stake, pole, post," a general Germanic borrowing (cf. Old Frisian and Old Saxon pal "stake," Middle Dutch pael, Dutch paal, Old High German pfal, Old Norse pall) from Latin palus "stake" (see pale (n.)).
Racing sense of "inside fence surrounding a course" is from 1851; pole position in auto racing attested from 1904. A ten-foot pole as a metaphoric measure of something one would not touch something (or someone) else with is by 1839, American English. The ten-foot pole was a common tool used to set stakes for fences, etc., and the phrase "Can't touch de bottom with a ten foot pole" is in the popular old minstrel show song "Camptown Races."
"I saw her eat."
"No very unnatural occurrence I should think."
"But she ate an onion!"
"Right my boy, right, never marry a woman who would touch an onion with a ten foot pole."
["The Collegian," University of Virginia, 1839]
"ends of Earth's axis," late 14c., from Old French pole or directly from Latin polus "end of an axis;" also "the sky, the heavens" (a sense sometimes used in English from 16c.), from Greek polos "pivot, axis of a sphere, the sky," from PIE *kwolo- "turn round," from root *kwel- (see cycle (n.)).
"inhabitant or native of Poland," 1650s, from German Pole, singular of Polen, from Polish Poljane "Poles," literally "field-dwellers," from pole "field," related to Old Church Slavonic polje "field," from PIE root *pele- (2) "flat, to spread" (see plane (n.1)).
"to furnish with poles," 1570s, from pole (n.1). Meaning "to push with a pole" is from 1753. Related: Poled; poling.
- Either of the points at which an axis that passes through the center of a sphere intersects the surface of the sphere.
- The fixed point used as a reference in a system of polar coordinates. It corresponds to the origin in the Cartesian coordinate system.
- GeographyEither of the points at which the Earth's axis of rotation intersects the Earth's surface; the North Pole or South Pole.
- Either of the two similar points on another planet.
- Either of the two points at the extremities of the axis of an organ or body.
- Either end of the spindle formed in a cell during mitosis.
In complete opposition, as in The two brothers were poles apart in nearly all their views. This expression alludes to the two extremities of the earth's axis, the North and South poles. [Early 1900s]
see low man on the totem pole; not touch with a ten-foot pole.