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polish

[pol-ish]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to make smooth and glossy, especially by rubbing or friction: to polish a brass doorknob.
  2. to render finished, refined, or elegant: His speech needs polishing.
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verb (used without object)
  1. to become smooth and glossy through polishing: a flooring that polishes easily.
  2. Archaic. to become refined or elegant.
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noun
  1. a substance used to give smoothness or gloss: shoe polish.
  2. the act of polishing.
  3. state of being polished.
  4. smoothness and gloss of surface.
  5. superiority of manner or execution; refinement; elegance: the polish of a professional singer.
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Verb Phrases
  1. polish off, Informal.
    1. to finish or dispose of quickly: They polished off a gallon of ice cream between them.
    2. to subdue or get rid of someone: The fighter polished off his opponent in the first round.
  2. polish up, to improve; refine: She took lessons to polish up her speech.
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Origin of polish

1250–1300; Middle English polishen < Middle French poliss-, long stem of polir < Latin polīre to polish; see -ish2
Related formspol·ish·er, nounde·pol·ish, verb (used with object)in·ter·pol·ish, verb (used with object)o·ver·pol·ish, verb (used with object)pre·pol·ish, noun, verb (used with object)re·pol·ish, verb, noun

Synonyms

See more synonyms for polish on Thesaurus.com
1. shine, brighten, burnish, buff, smooth. 8. shine, gleam. Polish, gloss, luster, sheen refer to a smooth, shining, or bright surface from which light is reflected. Polish suggests the smooth, bright reflection often produced by friction: rubbed to a high polish. Gloss suggests a superficial, hard smoothness characteristic of lacquered, varnished, or enameled surfaces: a gloss on oilcloth, on paper. Luster denotes the characteristic quality of the light reflected from the surfaces of certain materials (pearls, silk, wax, freshly cut metals, etc.): a pearly luster. Sheen, sometimes poetical, suggests a glistening brightness such as that reflected from the surface of silk or velvet, or from furniture oiled and hand-polished: a rich velvety sheen.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for polish off

polish off

verb (tr, adverb) informal
  1. to finish or process completely
  2. to dispose of or kill; eliminate
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polish

verb
  1. to make or become smooth and shiny by rubbing, esp with wax or an abrasive
  2. (tr) to make perfect or complete
  3. to make or become elegant or refined
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noun
  1. a finish or gloss
  2. the act of polishing or the condition of having been polished
  3. a substance used to produce a smooth and shiny, often protective surface
  4. elegance or refinement, esp in style, manner, etc
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Derived Formspolishable, adjectivepolisher, noun

Word Origin

C13 polis, from Old French polir, from Latin polīre to polish

Polish

adjective
  1. of, relating to, or characteristic of Poland, its people, or their language
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noun
  1. the official language of Poland, belonging to the West Slavonic branch of the Indo-European family
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for polish off

polish

v.

early 14c., polischen "make smooth," from Old French poliss-, present participle stem of polir (12c.) "to polish, decorate, see to one's appearance," from Latin polire "to polish, make smooth; decorate, embellish;" figuratively "refine, improve," said to be from Proto-Indo-European *pel- "to thrust, strike, drive" (via the notion of fulling cloth). The sense of "free from coarseness, to refine" first recorded in English mid-14c. Related: Polished; polishing. Slang polish off "finish" is 1837, from notion of applying a coat of polish being the final step in a piece of work.

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polish

n.

1590s, "absence of coarseness," from polish (v.). From 1704 as "act of polishing;" 1819 as "substance used in polishing."

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Polish

adj.

1670s, from Pole + -ish. Related: Polishness. Polish-American attested from 1898.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with polish off

polish off

Finish or dispose of, especially quickly and easily. For example, We polished off the pie in no time, or If everyone helps, we can polish off this job today. This usage, dating from the early 1800s, came from boxing, where it originally meant “to defeat an opponent quickly and easily.” By the 1830s it was used more generally.

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polish

In addition to the idioms beginning with polish

  • polish off
  • polish the apple

also see:

  • spit and polish
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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.