• synonyms


[pom-puh-dawr, -dohr, -doo r]
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  1. an arrangement of a man's hair in which it is brushed up high from the forehead.
  2. an arrangement of a woman's hair in which it is raised over the forehead in a roll, sometimes over a pad.
  3. a pink or crimson color.
  4. Textiles.
    1. any fabric, as cotton or silk, having a design of small pink, blue, and sometimes gold flowers or bouquets on a white background.
    2. a fabric of the color pompadour, used for garments.
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Origin of pompadour

First recorded in 1745–55; named after the Marquise de Pompadour


[pom-puh-dawr, -dohr, -doo r; French pawn-pa-door]
  1. Marquise deJeanne Antoinette Poisson Le Normant d'Étioles, 1721–64, mistress of Louis XV of France.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for pompadour


  1. an early 18th-century hairstyle for women, having the front hair arranged over a pad to give it greater height and bulk
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Word Origin

C18: named after the Marquise de Pompadour, who originated it


  1. Marquise de, title of Jeanne Antoinette Poisson. 1721–64, mistress of Louis XV of France (1745–64), whom she greatly influenced
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pompadour


1887 as a men's hairstyle; 1899 as a woman's style with the hair swept up over the forehead, in recognition of Jeanne-Antionette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (1721-1764), mistress of Louis XV from 1745-50, who wore her hair in an upswept style. Used in her lifetime in reference to various fashions, accessories, colors, furniture, etc. The estate of Pompadour is in the Limousin region.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper