presbyterian

[ prez-bi-teer-ee-uh n, pres- ]
/ ˌprɛz bɪˈtɪər i ən, ˌprɛs- /
|

adjective

pertaining to or based on the principle of ecclesiastical government by presbyters or presbyteries.
(initial capital letter) designating or pertaining to various churches having this form of government and professing more or less modified forms of Calvinism.

noun

(initial capital letter) a member of a Presbyterian church; a person who supports Presbyterianism.

Nearby words

  1. presbyopic,
  2. presbyt.,
  3. presbyter,
  4. presbyterate,
  5. presbyterial,
  6. presbyterian church,
  7. presbyterianism,
  8. presbytery,
  9. preschool,
  10. preschooler

Origin of presbyterian

First recorded in 1635–45; presbytery + -an

Related formsnon-Pres·by·te·ri·an, adjective, nounpro-Pres·by·te·ri·an, adjective, nounpseu·do-Pres·by·te·ri·an, adjective, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for presbyterian


British Dictionary definitions for presbyterian

presbyterian

/ (ˌprɛzbɪˈtɪərɪən) /

adjective

of, relating to, or designating Church government by presbyters or lay elders

noun

an upholder of this type of Church government
Derived Formspresbyterianism, nounpresbyterianistic, adjective

Presbyterian

/ (ˌprɛzbɪˈtɪərɪən) /

adjective

of or relating to any of various Protestant Churches governed by presbyters or lay elders and adhering to various modified forms of Calvinism

noun

a member of a Presbyterian Church
Derived FormsPresbyterianism, noun

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for presbyterian

Presbyterian

adj., n.

1640, in reference to the Scottish church governed by elders (as opposed to bishops), from presbyter "an elder in a church" (1590s), from Late Latin presbyter "an elder," from Greek presbyteros "an elder," also an adjective meaning "older," comparative of presbys "old" (see presby-).

Presbyterial was used from c.1600 in the sense "of or pertaining to a presbytery;" also from 1590s as "presbyterian" (adj.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper