presidio

[pri-sid-ee-oh; Spanish pre-see-th yaw]
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noun, plural pre·sid·i·os [pri-sid-ee-ohz; Spanish pre-see-th yaws] /prɪˈsɪd iˌoʊz; Spanish prɛˈsi ðyɔs/.
  1. a garrisoned fort; military post.
  2. a Spanish penal settlement.

Origin of presidio

1755–65, Americanism; < Spanish < Latin praesidium guard, garrison, post, literally, defense, protection. See presidium
Related formspre·sid·i·al, pre·sid·i·ar·y [pri-sid-ee-er-ee] /prɪˈsɪd iˌɛr i/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for presidio

presidio

noun plural -sidios (-ˈsɪdɪˌəʊz, Spanish -ˈsiðjos)
  1. a military post or establishment, esp in countries under Spanish control

Word Origin for presidio

C19: from Spanish: garrison, from Latin praesidium a guard, protection; see preside
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for presidio
n.

1808, American English, from Spanish presidio "fort, settlement," from Latin praesidium "defense, protection," from praesidere "to sit before, protect" (see preside).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper