priest

[ preest ]
/ prist /

noun

a person whose office it is to perform religious rites, and especially to make sacrificial offerings.
(in Christian use)
  1. a person ordained to the sacerdotal or pastoral office; a member of the clergy; minister.
  2. (in hierarchical churches) a member of the clergy of the order next below that of bishop, authorized to carry out the Christian ministry.
a minister of any religion.

verb (used with object)

to ordain as a priest.

Origin of priest

before 900; Middle English prest(e), priest, Old English prēost, ultimately < Late Latin presbyter presbyter
Related forms
Can be confusedclergy cleric imam minister pastor priest rabbi
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for priest

British Dictionary definitions for priest

priest

feminine priestess

/ (priːst) /

noun

verb (tr)

to make a priest; ordain
Related formsRelated adjective: hieratic
Derived Formspriestlike, adjective

Word Origin for priest

Old English prēost, apparently from presbyter; related to Old High German prēster, Old French prestre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for priest

priest


n.

Old English preost probably shortened from the older Germanic form represented by Old Saxon and Old High German prestar, Old Frisian prestere, all from Vulgar Latin *prester "priest," from Late Latin presbyter "presbyter, elder," from Greek presbyteros (see Presbyterian).

An alternative theory (to account for the -eo- of the Old English word) makes it cognate with Old High German priast, prest, from Vulgar Latin *prevost "one put over others," from Latin praepositus "person placed in charge," from past participle of praeponere (see provost). In Old Testament sense, a translation of Hebrew kohen, Greek hiereus, Latin sacerdos.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Culture definitions for priest

priest


One who is designated an authority on religious matters. In some churches, especially the Anglican Communion, Eastern Orthodox Church, and Roman Catholic Church, the ordained church leader who serves a congregation of believers is called a priest. The priests in these churches administer the sacraments, preach, and care for the needs of their congregations. (See also minister and pastor.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.