[proh-kuhm-buh nt]
See more synonyms for procumbent on
  1. lying on the face; prone; prostrate.
  2. Botany. (of a plant or stem) lying along the ground, but not putting forth roots.

Origin of procumbent

1660–70; < Latin prōcumbent- (stem of prōcumbēns) bending forward, present participle of prōcumbere. See pro-1, incumbent Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for procumbent

decumbent, horizontal, parallel, prone, prostrate, recumbent, supine

Examples from the Web for procumbent

Historical Examples of procumbent

British Dictionary definitions for procumbent


  1. Also: prostrate (of stems) growing along the ground
  2. leaning forwards or lying on the face

Word Origin for procumbent

C17: from Latin prōcumbere to fall forwards; compare incumbent
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for procumbent

"leaning forward," 1660s, from Latin procumbentem (nominative procumbens), present participle of procumbere "to fall forward, fall prostrate," from pro "forward" (see pro-) + -cumbere "to lie down" (see succumb). Related: Procumbently.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

procumbent in Medicine


  1. Lying face down; prone.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.