• synonyms


[proh-kuhm-buh nt]
See more synonyms for procumbent on Thesaurus.com
  1. lying on the face; prone; prostrate.
  2. Botany. (of a plant or stem) lying along the ground, but not putting forth roots.
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Origin of procumbent

1660–70; < Latin prōcumbent- (stem of prōcumbēns) bending forward, present participle of prōcumbere. See pro-1, incumbent
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

decumbent, horizontal, parallel, prone, prostrate, recumbent, supine

Examples from the Web for procumbent

Historical Examples

  • They occur in dense heads on procumbent or ascending stems 4-8 in.

    Flowers of Mountain and Plain

    Edith S. Clements

  • Galium parisiense (uliginosum), with a square, furrowed, procumbent stem.

    Lachesis Lapponica

    Carl von Linn

  • Procumbent or Prostrate, lying flat on the ground from the first.

  • The procumbent stem curved up and attained a state of equilibrium under the action of geotropic stimulus.

    Life Movements in Plants

    Sir Jagadis Chunder Bose

  • Its golden yellow flowers are densely produced in panicles on procumbent stems, 12in.

British Dictionary definitions for procumbent


  1. Also: prostrate (of stems) growing along the ground
  2. leaning forwards or lying on the face
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Word Origin

C17: from Latin prōcumbere to fall forwards; compare incumbent
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for procumbent


"leaning forward," 1660s, from Latin procumbentem (nominative procumbens), present participle of procumbere "to fall forward, fall prostrate," from pro "forward" (see pro-) + -cumbere "to lie down" (see succumb). Related: Procumbently.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

procumbent in Medicine


  1. Lying face down; prone.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.