• synonyms


[ proh-vuh n-sahl, prov-uh n-; French praw-vahn-sal ]
/ ˌproʊ vənˈsɑl, ˌprɒv ən-; French prɔ vɑ̃ˈsal /


of or relating to Provence, its people, or their language.


a native or inhabitant of Provence.
Also called Occitan. a Romance language once widely spoken in southern France, still in use in some rural areas. Abbreviation: Pr, Pr., Prov.Compare langue d'oc.
the dialect of Provençal used in Provence.


insular, Catalan, Continental, French, Italian, Latin, Portuguese, Spanish

Origin of Provençal

1580–90; < Middle French < Latin prōvinciālis provincial. See Provence, -al1 Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for provencal

British Dictionary definitions for provencal


/ (ˌprɒvɒnˈsɑːl, French prɔvɑ̃sal) /


relating to, denoting, or characteristic of Provence, its inhabitants, their dialect of French, or their Romance language


a language of Provence, closely related to Catalan, French, and Italian, belonging to the Romance group of the Indo-European family. It was important in the Middle Ages as a literary language, and attempts have been made since the 19th century to revive its literary statusSee also langue d'oc
a native or inhabitant of Provence
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for provencal



1580s, from French Provençal, from Provence (see Provence). As a name of a language from 1640s. In reference to a style of cooking, attested from 1841.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper