punishing

[puhn-i-shing]
See more synonyms for punishing on Thesaurus.com
adjective
  1. causing or characterized by harsh or injurious treatment; severe; brutal: The storm was accompanied by punishing winds.

Origin of punishing

1425–75; late Middle English punyesand; see punish, -ing2
Related formsnon·pun·ish·ing, adjectiveself-pun·ish·ing, adjectiveun·pun·ish·ing, adjectiveun·pun·ish·ing·ly, adverb

punish

[puhn-ish]
verb (used with object)
  1. to subject to pain, loss, confinement, death, etc., as a penalty for some offense, transgression, or fault: to punish a criminal.
  2. to inflict a penalty for (an offense, fault, etc.): to punish theft.
  3. to handle severely or roughly, as in a fight.
  4. to put to painful exertion, as a horse in racing.
  5. Informal. to make a heavy inroad on; deplete: to punish a quart of whiskey.
verb (used without object)
  1. to inflict punishment.

Origin of punish

1300–50; Middle English punischen < Middle French puniss-, long stem of punir < Latin pūnīre; akin to poena penalty, pain
Related formspun·ish·er, nouno·ver·pun·ish, verbpre·pun·ish, verb (used with object)qua·si-pun·ished, adjectivere·pun·ish, verbself-pun·ished, adjectiveself-pun·ish·er, nounun·pun·ished, adjectivewell-pun·ished, adjective

Synonyms for punish

See more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com

Synonym study

1. Punish, correct, discipline refer to making evident public or private disapproval of violations of law, wrongdoing, or refusal to obey rules or regulations by imposing penalties. To punish is chiefly to inflict penalty or pain as a retribution for misdeeds, with little or no expectation of correction or improvement: to punish a thief. To correct is to reprove or inflict punishment for faults, specifically with the idea of bringing about improvement: to correct a rebellious child. To discipline is to give a kind of punishment that will educate or will establish useful habits: to discipline a careless driver.

Antonyms for punish

1, 2. reward.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for punishing

punitive, grueling, brutal, hard

Examples from the Web for punishing

Contemporary Examples of punishing

Historical Examples of punishing


British Dictionary definitions for punishing

punish

verb
  1. to force (someone) to undergo a penalty or sanction, such as imprisonment, fines, death, etc, for some crime or misdemeanour
  2. (tr) to inflict punishment for (some crime, etc)
  3. (tr) to use or treat harshly or roughly, esp as by overexertionto punish a horse
  4. (tr) informal to consume (some commodity) in large quantitiesto punish the bottle
Derived Formspunisher, nounpunishing, adjectivepunishingly, adverb

Word Origin for punish

C14 punisse, from Old French punir, from Latin pūnīre to punish, from poena penalty
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for punishing
adj.

"hard-hitting," 1811, present participle adjective from punish (v.). Related: Punishingly.

punish

v.

c.1300, from Old French puniss-, extended present participle stem of punir "to punish," from Latin punire "punish, correct, chastise; take vengeance for; inflict a penalty on, cause pain for some offense," earlier poenire, from poena "penalty, punishment" (see penal). Colloquial meaning "to inflict heavy damage or loss" is first recorded 1801, originally in boxing. Related: Punished; punishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper