[ purj ]
See synonyms for: purgepurging on Thesaurus.com

verb (used with object),purged, purg·ing.
  1. to rid of whatever is impure or undesirable; cleanse; purify: The water was purged and then tested for purity, so it should be safe to drink.

  2. to rid, clear, or free (usually followed by of or from): The raid was intended to purge the political party of disloyal members.

  1. to remove by cleansing or purifying (often followed by away, off, or out).

  2. to clear or empty (the stomach or bowels) by inducing vomiting or evacuation.

  3. to cause evacuation of the bowels of (a person).

  4. to put to death or otherwise eliminate (undesirable or unwanted members) from a political organization, government, nation, etc.

  5. Computers. to delete or remove (data or the like): Make sure to purge all sensitive information from your phone before you sell it.

  6. to clear of imputed guilt or ritual uncleanliness.

  7. to clear away or wipe out legally (an offense, accusation, etc.) by atonement or other suitable action.

  8. Metallurgy.

    • to drive off (undesirable gases) from a furnace or stove.

    • to free (a furnace or stove) of undesirable gases.

verb (used without object),purged, purg·ing.
  1. to become cleansed or purified.

  2. to clear or empty the stomach or bowels by inducing vomiting or evacuation: A bulimic individual who binges and purges often will experience physical changes that make stopping the cycle extremely difficult.

  1. the act or process of purging.

  2. the removal or elimination of members of a political organization, government, nation, etc., who are considered disloyal or otherwise undesirable.

  1. something that purges, as a purgative medicine or laxative.

Origin of purge

First recorded in 1250–1300; (verb) Middle English purgen, from Old French purg(i)er, from Latin pūrgāre “to cleanse”; (noun) Middle English, from Old French, derivative of the verb

Other words for purge

Other words from purge

  • purge·a·ble, adjective
  • purg·er, noun
  • un·purge·a·ble, adjective
  • un·purged, adjective

Words Nearby purge

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use purge in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for purge


/ (pɜːdʒ) /

  1. (tr) to rid (something) of (impure or undesirable elements)

  2. (tr) to rid (a state, political party, etc) of (dissident or troublesome people)

  1. (tr)

    • to empty (the bowels) by evacuation of faeces

    • to cause (a person) to evacuate his bowels

    • to clear (a person) of a charge

    • to free (oneself) of guilt, as by atonement: to purge contempt

  2. (intr) to be cleansed or purified

  1. the act or process of purging

  2. the elimination of opponents or dissidents from a state, political party, etc

  1. a purgative drug or agent; cathartic

Origin of purge

C14: from Old French purger, from Latin pūrgāre to purify

Derived forms of purge

  • purger, noun

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012