[ pur-pyoo r-uh ]
/ ˈpɜr pyʊər ə /

noun Pathology.

a disease characterized by purple or brownish-red spots on the skin or mucous membranes, caused by the extravasation of blood.

Origin of purpura

1680–90; < New Latin, special use of Latin purpura. See purple

Related forms

pur·pu·ric [pur-pyoo r-ik] /pɜrˈpyʊər ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for purpura

British Dictionary definitions for purpura


/ (ˈpɜːpjʊrə) /


pathol any of several blood diseases causing purplish spots or patches on the skin due to subcutaneous bleeding

Derived Forms

purpuric, adjective

Word Origin for purpura

C18: via Latin from Greek porphura a shellfish yielding purple dye
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for purpura


[ pûrpə-rə, -pyə- ]


A condition characterized by hemorrhages in the skin and mucous membranes that result in the appearance of purplish spots or patches.peliosis
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.