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quarantine

[ kwawr-uhn-teen, kwor-, kwawr-uhn-teen, kwor- ]
/ ˈkwɔr ənˌtin, ˈkwɒr-, ˌkwɔr ənˈtin, ˌkwɒr- /
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See synonyms for: quarantine / quarantined on Thesaurus.com

noun
verb (used with object), quar·an·tined, quar·an·tin·ing.
to put in or subject to quarantine.
to exclude, detain, or isolate for political, social, or hygienic reasons.
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Origin of quarantine

First recorded in 1600–10; from Italian quarantina, variant of quarantena, originally Upper Italian (Venetian): “period of forty days, group of forty,” derivative of quaranta “forty,” ultimately from Latin quadrāgintā

OTHER WORDS FROM quarantine

quar·an·tin·a·ble, adjectivequar·an·tin·er, nounpre·quar·an·tine, noun, verb (used with object), pre·quar·an·tined, pre·quar·an·tin·ing.un·quar·an·tined, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use quarantine in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for quarantine

quarantine
/ (ˈkwɒrənˌtiːn) /

noun
a period of isolation or detention, esp of persons or animals arriving from abroad, to prevent the spread of disease, usually consisting of the maximum known incubation period of the suspected disease
the place or area where such detention is enforced
any period or state of enforced isolation
verb (tr)
to isolate in or as if in quarantine
Australian to withhold (a portion of a welfare payment) from a person or group of people

Word Origin for quarantine

C17: from Italian quarantina period of forty days, from quaranta forty, from Latin quadrāgintā
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for quarantine

quarantine
[ (kwawr-uhn-teen, kwahr-uhn-teen) ]

The isolation of people who either have a contagious disease or have been exposed to one, in an attempt to prevent the spread of the disease.

notes for quarantine

The term is sometimes used politically to designate the political and economic isolation of a nation in retribution for unacceptable policies: “When Iraq invaded Kuwait, it was placed in quarantine by the nations of the world.”
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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