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radish

[rad-ish]
noun
  1. the crisp, pungent, edible root of the plant, Raphanus sativus, of the mustard family, usually eaten raw.
  2. the plant itself.
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Origin of radish

before 1000; late Middle English radish(e), variant (compare Old French radise, variant of radice) of Middle English radich(e), Old English rǣdic < Latin rādīc- (stem of rādīx root1); compare Old High German rātih, German Rettich
Related formsrad·ish·like, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for radish

radish

noun
  1. any of various plants of the genus Raphanus, esp R. sativus of Europe and Asia, cultivated for its edible root: family Brassicaceae (crucifers)
  2. the root of this plant, which has a pungent taste and is eaten raw in salads
  3. wild radish another name for white charlockSee charlock (def. 2)
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Word Origin for radish

Old English rǣdīc, from Latin rādīx root
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for radish

n.

late Old English rædic "radish," from Latin radicem (nominative radix) "root, radish," from PIE root *wrad- "twig, root" (cf. Greek rhiza, Lesbian brisda "root;" Greek hradamnos "branch;" Gothic waurts, Old English wyrt; Welsh gwridd, Old Irish fren "root"). Spelling perhaps influenced by Old French radise, variant of radice, from Vulgar Latin *radicina, from radicem.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper