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rail

1
[reyl]
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noun
  1. a bar of wood or metal fixed horizontally for any of various purposes, as for a support, barrier, fence, or railing.
  2. a fence; railing.
  3. one of two fences marking the inside and outside boundaries of a racetrack.
  4. one of a pair of steel bars that provide the running surfaces for the wheels of locomotives and railroad cars.
  5. the railroad as a means of transportation: to travel by rail.
  6. rails, stocks or bonds of railroad companies.
  7. Nautical. a horizontal member capping a bulwark.
  8. Carpentry, Furniture. any of various horizontal members framing panels or the like, as in a system of paneling, paneled door, window sash, or chest of drawers.Compare stile2.
  9. Slang. a line of cocaine crystals or powder for inhaling through the nose.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to furnish or enclose with a rail or rails.
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Origin of rail

1
1250–1300; Middle English raile < Old French raille bar, beam < Latin rēgula bar, straight piece of wood, regula
Related formsrail·less, adjectiverail·like, adjective

rail

2
[reyl]
verb (used without object)
  1. to utter bitter complaint or vehement denunciation (often followed by at or against): to rail at fate.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to bring, force, etc., by railing.
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Origin of rail

2
1425–75; late Middle English railen < Middle French railler to deride < Provençal ralhar to chatter < Vulgar Latin *ragulāre, derivative of Late Latin ragere to bray
Related formsrail·er, nounrail·ing·ly, adverb

Synonyms for rail

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rail

3
[reyl]
noun
  1. any of numerous birds of the family Rallidae, that have short wings, a narrow body, long toes, and a harsh cry and inhabit grasslands, forests, and marshes in most parts of the world.
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Origin of rail

3
1400–50; late Middle English rale < Old French raale (cognate with Provençal rascla), noun derivative of raler < Vulgar Latin *rāsiculāre frequentative of Latin rādere (past participle rāsus) to scratch
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for rail

fume, scold, rant, inveigh, castigate, thunder, complain, vociferate, revile, blast, jaw, fulminate, rate, censure, vituperate, attack, abuse, upbraid, berate, whip

Examples from the Web for rail

Contemporary Examples of rail

Historical Examples of rail

  • It is an English habit to rail at the lavish expenditure of the French Government.

    The Roof of France

    Matilda Betham-Edwards

  • To use the one rein meant a crash into the rail, and surely death.

    Thoroughbreds

    W. A. Fraser

  • After he had gone, just as Allis was leaving the rail, she was again accosted; this time by Shandy.

    Thoroughbreds

    W. A. Fraser

  • Just watch the Indian, an' don't let him shut you in on the rail if you can help it.

    Thoroughbreds

    W. A. Fraser

  • "Wait, I'll come out;" and opening a door in the rail, he passed around to the girl.

    Thoroughbreds

    W. A. Fraser


British Dictionary definitions for rail

rail

1
noun
  1. a horizontal bar of wood, metal, etc, supported by vertical posts, functioning as a fence, barrier, handrail, etc
  2. a horizontal bar fixed to a wall on which to hang thingsa picture rail
  3. a horizontal framing member in a door or piece of panellingCompare stile 2
  4. short for railing
  5. one of a pair of parallel bars laid on a prepared track, roadway, etc, that serve as a guide and running surface for the wheels of a railway train, tramcar, etc
    1. short for railway
    2. (as modifier)rail transport
  6. nautical a trim for finishing the top of a bulwark
  7. off the rails
    1. into or in a state of dysfunction or disorder
    2. eccentric or mad
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verb (tr)
  1. to provide with a rail or railings
  2. (usually foll by in or off) to fence (an area) with rails
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Derived Formsrailless, adjective

Word Origin for rail

C13: from Old French raille rod, from Latin rēgula ruler, straight piece of wood

rail

2
verb
  1. (intr ; foll by at or against) to complain bitterly or vehementlyto rail against fate
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Derived Formsrailer, noun

Word Origin for rail

C15: from Old French railler to mock, from Old Provençal ralhar to chatter, joke, from Late Latin ragere to yell, neigh

rail

3
noun
  1. any of various small wading birds of the genus Rallus and related genera: family Rallidae, order Gruiformes (cranes, etc). They have short wings, long legs, and dark plumage
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Word Origin for rail

C15: from Old French raale, perhaps from Latin rādere to scrape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for rail

n.1

"horizontal bar passing from one post or support to another," c.1300, from Old French reille "bolt, bar," from Vulgar Latin *regla, from Latin regula "straight stick," diminutive form related to regere "to straighten, guide" (see regal). Used figuratively for thinness from 1872. To be off the rails in a figurative sense is from 1848, an image from the railroads. In U.S. use, "A piece of timber, cleft, hewed, or sawed, inserted in upright posts for fencing" [Webster, 1830].

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n.2

"small wading bird," mid-15c., from Old French raale (13c.), related to râler "to rattle," of unknown origin, perhaps imitative of its cry.

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v.1

"complain," mid-15c., from Middle French railler "to tease or joke" (15c.), perhaps from Old Provençal ralhar "scoff, to chat, to joke," from Vulgar Latin *ragulare "to bray" (cf. Italian ragghiare "to bray"), from Late Latin ragere "to roar," probably of imitative origin. See rally (v.2). Related: Railed; railing.

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v.2

"fence in with rails," late 14c., from rail (n.1). Related: Railed; railing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with rail

rail

see off the rails; thin as a rail; third rail.

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.