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rake1

[reyk]
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noun
  1. an agricultural implement with teeth or tines for gathering cut grass, hay, or the like or for smoothing the surface of the ground.
  2. any of various implements having a similar form, as a croupier's implement for gathering in money on a gaming table.
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verb (used with object), raked, rak·ing.
  1. to gather, draw, or remove with a rake: to rake dead leaves from a lawn.
  2. to clear, smooth, or prepare with a rake: to rake a garden bed.
  3. to clear (a fire, embers, etc.) by stirring with a poker or the like.
  4. to gather or collect abundantly (usually followed by in): He marketed his invention and has been raking in money ever since.
  5. to bring to light, usually for discreditable reasons (usually followed by up): to rake up an old scandal.
  6. to search thoroughly through: They raked the apartment for the missing jewels.
  7. to scrape; scratch: The sword's tip raked his face lightly.
  8. to scoop out (a masonry joint) to a given depth while the mortar is still green.
  9. to fire guns along the length of (a position, body of troops, ship, etc.).
  10. to sweep with the eyes: He raked the horizon with his gaze.
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verb (used without object), raked, rak·ing.
  1. to use a rake: The gardener raked along the border of the garden.
  2. to search, as with a rake: His gaze raked over the room.
  3. to scrape; search: She frantically raked through her belongings.
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Idioms
  1. rake over the coals. coal(def 8).
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Origin of rake1

before 900; (noun) Middle English rak(e), Old English raca (masculine), racu (feminine); cognate with German Rechen, Old Norse reka shovel; (v.) Middle English raken, partly derivative of the noun, partly < Old Norse raka to scrape, rake
Related formsrak·a·ble, rake·a·ble, adjectiverak·er, noun

Synonyms

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8. comb, scour, ransack.

rake2

[reyk]
noun
  1. a dissolute or profligate person, especially a man who is licentious; roué.
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Origin of rake2

First recorded in 1645–55; see origin at rakehell

Synonyms

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libertine, profligate, lecher, womanizer.

rake3

[reyk]
verb (used without object), raked, rak·ing.
  1. to incline from the vertical, as a mast, or from the horizontal.
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verb (used with object), raked, rak·ing.
  1. to cause (something) to incline from the vertical or the horizontal.
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noun
  1. inclination or slope away from the perpendicular or the horizontal.
  2. a board or molding placed along the sloping sides of a frame gable to cover the ends of the siding.
  3. Aeronautics. the angle measured between the tip edge of an aircraft or missile wing or other lifting surface and the plane of symmetry.
  4. Machinery. the angle between the cutting face of a tool and a plane perpendicular to the surface of the work at the cutting point.
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Origin of rake3

First recorded in 1620–30; origin uncertain

rake4

[reyk]
verb (used without object), raked, rak·ing.
  1. Hunting.
    1. (of a hawk) to fly after game.
    2. (of a dog) to hunt with the nose close to the ground instead of in the wind.
  2. Chiefly Scot. to go or proceed, especially with speed.
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Origin of rake4

before 1000; Middle English raken to go, hasten, Old English racian
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for rake

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • What security, that your rake will not follow you to the world's end?

    Clarissa, Volume 1 (of 9)

    Samuel Richardson

  • I suppose the Pilgrim and the Rake are contrasted with each other.

    Weighed and Wanting

    George MacDonald

  • But you rake a match to light the candle, and that little bit of a noise will fetch him.

    Tom Sawyer Abroad

    Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)

  • And what must that child be, who prefers the rake to a father?

    Clarissa, Volume 2 (of 9)

    Samuel Richardson

  • Besides, they can rake us with bullets from ambush, while we're climbing up the ridge.

    The Rock of Chickamauga

    Joseph A. Altsheler


British Dictionary definitions for rake

rake1

noun
  1. a hand implement consisting of a row of teeth set in a headpiece attached to a long shaft and used for gathering hay, straw, leaves, etc, or for smoothing loose earth
  2. any of several mechanical farm implements equipped with rows of teeth or rotating wheels mounted with tines and used to gather hay, straw, etc
  3. any of various implements similar in shape or function, such as a tool for drawing out ashes from a furnace
  4. the act of raking
  5. NZ a line of wagons coupled together as one unit, used on railways
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verb
  1. to scrape, gather, or remove (leaves, refuse, etc) with or as if with a rake
  2. to level or prepare (a surface, such as a flower bed) with a rake or similar implement
  3. (tr sometimes foll by out) to clear (ashes, clinker, etc) from (a fire or furnace)
  4. (tr ; foll by up or together) to gather (items or people) with difficulty, as from a scattered area or limited supply
  5. (tr ; often foll by through, over etc) to search or examine carefully
  6. (when intr , foll by against, along etc) to scrape or grazethe ship raked the side of the quay
  7. (tr) to direct (gunfire) along the length of (a target)machine-guns raked the column
  8. (tr) to sweep (one's eyes) along the length of (something); scan
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Word Origin

Old English raca; related to Old Norse raka, Old High German rehho a rake, Gothic rikan to heap up, Latin rogus funeral pile

rake2

noun
  1. a dissolute man, esp one in fashionable society; roué
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Word Origin

C17: short for rakehell

rake3

verb (mainly intr)
  1. to incline from the vertical by a perceptible degree, esp (of a ship's mast or funnel) towards the stern
  2. (tr) to construct with a backward slope
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noun
  1. the degree to which an object, such as a ship's mast, inclines from the perpendicular, esp towards the stern
  2. theatre the slope of a stage from the back towards the footlights
  3. aeronautics
    1. the angle between the wings of an aircraft and the line of symmetry of the aircraft
    2. the angle between the line joining the centroids of the section of a propeller blade and a line perpendicular to the axis
  4. the angle between the working face of a cutting tool and a plane perpendicular to the surface of the workpiece
  5. a slanting ledge running across a crag in the Lake District
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Word Origin

C17: of uncertain origin; perhaps related to German ragen to project, Swedish raka

rake4

verb (intr)
  1. (of gun dogs or hounds) to hunt with the nose to the ground
  2. (of hawks)
    1. to pursue quarry in full flight
    2. (often foll by away)to fly wide of the quarry, esp beyond the control of the falconer
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Word Origin

Old English racian to go forward, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for rake

n.1

"toothed tool for drawing or scraping things together," Old English raca "rake," earlier ræce, from Proto-Germanic *rak- "gather, heap up" (cf. Old Norse reka "spade, shovel," Old High German rehho, German Rechen "a rake," Gothic rikan "to heap up, collect"), from PIE *reg- (1) "move in a straight line" (cf. Greek oregein "to reach, stretch out," Latin regere "direct, rule; keep straight, guide;" see regal), perhaps via its action, or via the notion of "implement with straight pieces of wood" [Watkins].

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n.2

"debauchee; idle, dissolute person," 1650s, shortening of rakehell. Hogarth's "Rake's Progress" engravings were published in 1735.

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v.

mid-13c., "clear (rubbish, grass, etc.) by raking; gather (grain) by raking," from rake (n.1), or from a lost Old English verb related to it, or from a similar Scandinavian source (cf. Swedish raka, Danish rage "rake"). Of gunfire from 1630s. Related: Raked; raking. To rake in money or something like it is from 1580s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper