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rampart

[ram-pahrt, -pert]
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noun
  1. Fortification.
    1. a broad elevation or mound of earth raised as a fortification around a place and usually capped with a stone or earth parapet.
    2. such an elevation together with the parapet.
  2. anything serving as a bulwark or defense.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to furnish with or as if with a rampart.
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Origin of rampart

1575–85; < Middle French, derivative of remparer, equivalent to re- re- + emparer to take possession of < Provençal ampararLatin ante- ante- + parāre to prepare

Synonyms

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2. fortification, breastwork, barricade, guard.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for rampart

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • We went, and walked in silence to and fro along the rampart of the fortress.

    A Hero of Our Time

    M. Y. Lermontov

  • Until he, Ercwlf, Descended into the fosse of the rampart, And was covered with sand.

    Y Gododin

    Aneurin

  • It was certain death for any Indian to step from behind his rampart.

    King Philip

    John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott

  • A pallid sun, low, gleaming just over a rampart of mountain-tops.

  • Others shot their horses and built a rampart of their bodies.


British Dictionary definitions for rampart

rampart

noun
  1. the surrounding embankment of a fort, often including any walls, parapets, walks, etc, that are built on the bank
  2. anything resembling a rampart in form or function, esp in being a defence or bulwark
  3. Canadian a steep rock wall in a river gorge
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verb
  1. (tr) to provide with a rampart; fortify
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Word Origin

C16: from Old French, from remparer, from re- + emparer to take possession of, from Old Provençal antparar, from Latin ante before + parāre to prepare
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for rampart

n.

"earthen elevation around a place for fortification," sometimes also including parapets, 1580s, from Middle French rempart, rampart, from remparer "to fortify," from re- "again" (see re-) + emparer "fortify, take possession of," from Old Provençal amparer, from Vulgar Latin *anteparare "prepare," properly "to make preparations beforehand," from Latin ante- "before" (see ante) + parare "prepare" (see pare). With excrescent -t in French, perhaps by influence of boulevart (see boulevard).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper