reactionary [ree- ak-sh uh-ner-ee] Synonyms Word Origin of, pertaining to, marked by, or favoring reaction, especially extreme conservatism or rightism in politics; opposing political or social change. noun, plural re·ac·tion·ar·ies. a reactionary person.
re·ac·tion·ist . [ree- ak-sh uh-nist] /riˈæk ʃə nɪst/ Origin of reactionary 1830–40; reaction
French réactionnaire Related forms re·ac·tion·ism, re·ac·tion·ar·y·ism, re·ac·tion·ar·ism , [ree- ak-sh uh-n uh-riz- uhm] /riˈæk ʃə nəˌrɪz əm/ noun an·ti·re·ac·tion·ar·y, noun, plural an·ti·re·ac·tion·ar·ies, adjective half-re·ac·tion·ar·y, adjective non·re·ac·tion·ar·y, adjective, noun, plural non·re·ac·tion·ar·ies. sem·i·re·ac·tion·ar·y, adjective, noun, plural sem·i·re·ac·tion·ar·ies. un·re·ac·tion·ar·y, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for reactionarism of, relating to, or characterized by reaction, esp against radical political or social change noun plural -aries or -ists a person opposed to radical change Derived Forms reactionism, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for reactionarism adj.
1831, on model of French
réactionnaire (19c.), from réaction (see reaction). In Marxist use, "tending toward reversing existing tendencies," opposed to revolutionary and used opprobriously in reference to opponents of communism, by 1858. As a noun, "person considered reactionary," especially in politics, one who seeks to check or undo political action, by 1855.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
conservative person or position that not only resists change but seeks to return to the “good old days” of an earlier social order.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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