repeated or habitual relapse, as into crime.
Psychiatry. the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior patterns.
Origin of recidivism
1885–90;Related formsre·cid·i·vist, noun, adjectivere·cid·i·vis·tic, re·cid·i·vous, adjective
< Latin recidīv(us
) relapsing (recid(ere
) to fall back (re- re-
combining form of cadere
to fall) + -īvus -ive
) + -ism
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for recidivist
Historical Examples of recidivist
The consequence is that he falls away and rejoins his old companions and soon becomes a recidivist.
But the keeping of recidivist records is only one part of the business of the Criminal Record Office.
British Dictionary definitions for recidivist
Derived Formsrecidivist, noun, adjectiverecidivistic or recidivous, adjective
habitual relapse into crime
Word Origin for recidivism
C19: from Latin recidīvus falling back, from re- + cadere to fall
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for recidivist
"relapsed criminal," 1863, from French récidiviste, from récidiver "to fall back, relapse," from Medieval Latin recidivare "to relapse into sin," from Latin recidivus "falling back," from recidere "fall back," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + comb. form of cadere "to fall" (see case (n.)). Recidivation in the spiritual sense is attested from early 15c., was very common 17c.
"habit of relapsing" (into crime), 1882, from recidivist + -ism, modeled on French récidivisme, from récidiver.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
A person who relapses, especially by returning to criminal behavior.
A tendency to lapse into a previous pattern of behavior, especially a pattern of criminal habits.
The relapse of a disease or symptom.recidivation
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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