Origin of grind

before 950; Middle English grinden, Old English grindan; akin to Gothic grinda-, Latin frendere
Related formsgrind·a·ble, adjectivegrind·a·bil·i·ty, noungrind·ing·ly, adverbre·grind, verb, re·ground, re·grind·ing.un·grind·a·ble, adjective

Synonyms for grind

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for reground

Historical Examples of reground

  • Should tools be seriously blunted or broken they must be reground.


    George Jack

  • The chisel must then be reground and a new bevel made on the oil-stone.

    Woodworking for Beginners

    Charles Gardner Wheeler

  • They were frequently fed with bread made from old, worm-eaten ship biscuits, reground into meal and offensive to the smell.

  • They were going to cut across the fields to the village and leave their skates to be reground for the morrows contests.

    For the Honor of the School

    Ralph Henry Barbour

  • If any difference of thickness is observed as the gauge moves round the edge, one or other of the surfaces must be reground.

    On Laboratory Arts

    Richard Threlfall

British Dictionary definitions for reground


verb grinds, grinding or ground

to reduce or be reduced to small particles by pounding or abradingto grind corn; to grind flour
(tr) to smooth, sharpen, or polish by friction or abrasionto grind a knife
to scrape or grate together (two things, esp the teeth) with a harsh rasping sound or (of such objects) to be scraped together
(tr foll by out) to speak or say (something) in a rough voice
(tr often foll by down) to hold down; oppress; tyrannize
(tr) to operate (a machine) by turning a handle
(tr foll by out) to produce in a routine or uninspired mannerhe ground out his weekly article for the paper
(tr foll by out) to continue to play in a dull or insipid mannerthe band only ground out old tunes all evening
(tr often foll by into) to instil (facts, information, etc) by persistent effortthey ground into the recruits the need for vigilance
(intr) informal to study or work laboriously
(intr) mainly US to dance erotically by rotating the pelvis (esp in the phrase bump and grind)


informal laborious or routine work or study
slang, mainly US a person, esp a student, who works excessively hard
a specific grade of pulverization, as of coffee beanscoarse grind
British slang the act of sexual intercourse
mainly US a dance movement involving an erotic rotation of the pelvis
the act or sound of grinding
See also grind in, grind on
Derived Formsgrindingly, adverb

Word Origin for grind

Old English grindan; related to Latin frendere, Lithuanian gréndu I rub, Low German grand sand
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for reground



Old English grindan "to rub together, grate, scrape," forgrindan "destroy by crushing" (class III strong verb; past tense grand, past participle grunden), from Proto-Germanic *grindanan (cf. Dutch grenden), related to ground, from PIE *ghrendh- "to grind" (cf. Latin frendere "to gnash the teeth," Greek khondros "corn, grain," Lithuanian grendu "to scrape, scratch"). Meaning "to make smooth or sharp by friction" is from c.1300. Most other Germanic languages use a verb cognate with Latin molere (cf. Dutch malen, Old Norse mala, German mahlen).



late 12c., "gnashing the teeth," from grind (v.). The sense "steady, hard work" first recorded 1851 in college student slang (but cf. gerund-grinder, 1710); the meaning "hard-working student" is American English slang from 1864.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with reground


In addition to the idiom beginning with grind

  • grind to a halt

also see:

  • ax to grind
  • mills of the gods grind slowly
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.