[ grahynd ]
/ graɪnd /
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verb (used with object), ground or (Rare) grind·ed; grind·ing.
to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction; whet: to grind a lens.
to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; bray, triturate, or pulverize.
to oppress, torment, or crush: to grind minimum-wage employees.
to rub harshly or gratingly; grate together; grit: to grind one's teeth.
to operate by turning a crank: to grind a hand organ.
to produce by crushing or abrasion: to grind flour.
verb (used without object), ground or (Rare) grind·ed; grind·ing.
to perform the operation of reducing to fine particles.
to rub harshly; grate.
to be or become ground.
to be polished or sharpened by friction.
Informal. to work or study laboriously (often followed by away): He was grinding away at his algebra.
Digital Technology. (in a video game) to perform a monotonous task repeatedly in order to advance a character to a higher level or rank: You have to grind for hours before you can embark on the main story mission.
Slang. (in a dance) to rotate the hips in a suggestive manner.Compare bump (def. 12).
the act of grinding.
a grinding sound.
a grade of particle fineness into which a substance is ground: The coffee is available in various grinds for different coffee makers.
laborious, usually uninteresting work: Copying all the footnotes was a grind.
Informal. an excessively diligent student.
Slang. a dance movement in which the hips are rotated in a suggestive or erotic manner.Compare bump (def. 21).
- to produce in a routine or mechanical way: to grind out magazine stories.
- to extinguish by rubbing the lighted end against a hard surface: to grind out a cigarette.
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Origin of grind
First recorded before 950; Middle English grinden, Old English grindan; akin to Gothic grinda-, Latin frendere “to gnash the teeth; complain”
OTHER WORDS FROM grind
grind·a·ble, adjectivegrind·a·bil·i·ty, noungrind·ing·ly, adverbre·grind, verb, re·ground, re·grind·ing.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use grind in a sentence
If any difference of thickness is observed as the gauge moves round the edge, one or other of the surfaces must be reground.On Laboratory Arts|Richard Threlfall
Used for making household bread, but is mostly reground for the next variety.
The chisel must then be reground and a new bevel made on the oil-stone.Woodworking for Beginners|Charles Gardner Wheeler
They were frequently fed with bread made from old, worm-eaten ship biscuits, reground into meal and offensive to the smell.American Prisoners of the Revolution|Danske Dandridge
They were going to cut across the fields to the village and leave their skates to be reground for the morrows contests.For the Honor of the School|Ralph Henry Barbour
British Dictionary definitions for grind
/ (ɡraɪnd) /
verb grinds, grinding or ground
to reduce or be reduced to small particles by pounding or abradingto grind corn; to grind flour
(tr) to smooth, sharpen, or polish by friction or abrasionto grind a knife
to scrape or grate together (two things, esp the teeth) with a harsh rasping sound or (of such objects) to be scraped together
(tr foll by out) to speak or say (something) in a rough voice
(tr often foll by down) to hold down; oppress; tyrannize
(tr) to operate (a machine) by turning a handle
(tr foll by out) to produce in a routine or uninspired mannerhe ground out his weekly article for the paper
(tr foll by out) to continue to play in a dull or insipid mannerthe band only ground out old tunes all evening
(tr often foll by into) to instil (facts, information, etc) by persistent effortthey ground into the recruits the need for vigilance
(intr) informal to study or work laboriously
(intr) mainly US to dance erotically by rotating the pelvis (esp in the phrase bump and grind)
informal laborious or routine work or study
slang, mainly US a person, esp a student, who works excessively hard
a specific grade of pulverization, as of coffee beanscoarse grind
British slang the act of sexual intercourse
mainly US a dance movement involving an erotic rotation of the pelvis
the act or sound of grinding
Derived forms of grindgrindingly, adverb
Word Origin for grind
Old English grindan; related to Latin frendere, Lithuanian gréndu I rub, Low German grand sand
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Other Idioms and Phrases with grind
In addition to the idiom beginning with grind
- grind to a halt
- ax to grind
- mills of the gods grind slowly
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.