[rez-i-duh nt]
  1. a person who resides in a place.
  2. a physician who joins the medical staff of a hospital as a salaried employee for a specified period to gain advanced training usually in a particular field, being in full-time attendance at the hospital and often living on the premises.
  3. a diplomatic representative, inferior in rank to an ambassador, residing at a foreign court.
  4. (formerly) a representative of the British governor general at a native court in India.
  5. (formerly) the governor of a residency in the Dutch East Indies.
  1. residing; dwelling in a place.
  2. living or staying at a place in discharge of duty.
  3. (of qualities) existing; intrinsic.
  4. (of birds) not migratory.
    1. encoded and permanently available to a computer user, as a font in a printer's ROM or software on a CD-ROM.
    2. (of a computer program) currently active or standing by in computer memory.

Origin of resident

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin resident- (stem of residēns), present participle of residēre to reside; see -ent
Related formsres·i·dent·ship, nounpseu·do·res·i·dent, adjectiveun·res·i·dent, adjective
Can be confusedcitizen resident Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for residentship


  1. a person who resides in a place
  2. social welfare an occupant of a welfare agency homeFormer name: inmate
  3. (esp formerly) a representative of the British government in a British protectorate
  4. (esp in the 17th century) a diplomatic representative ranking below an ambassador
  5. (in India, formerly) a representative of the British governor general at the court of a native prince
  6. a bird or other animal that does not migrate
  7. US and Canadian a physician who lives in the hospital where he or she works while undergoing specialist training after completing his or her internshipCompare house physician
  8. British and NZ a junior doctor, esp a house officer, who lives in the hospital in which he or she works
  1. living in a place; residing
  2. living or staying at a place in order to discharge a duty, etc
  3. (of qualities, characteristics, etc) existing or inherent (in)
  4. (of birds and other animals) not in the habit of migrating
Derived Formsresidentship, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for residentship



mid-15c., "an inhabitant, one who resides," from resident (adj.). Meaning "medical graduate in practice in a hospital as training" first attested 1892, American English.



late 14c., "dwelling, residing," from Old French resident and directly from Latin residentem (nominative residens), present participle of residere "to sit down, settle" (see reside).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

residentship in Medicine


  1. A physician during residency.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.