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resident

[rez-i-duh nt]
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noun
  1. a person who resides in a place.
  2. a physician who joins the medical staff of a hospital as a salaried employee for a specified period to gain advanced training usually in a particular field, being in full-time attendance at the hospital and often living on the premises.
  3. a diplomatic representative, inferior in rank to an ambassador, residing at a foreign court.
  4. (formerly) a representative of the British governor general at a native court in India.
  5. (formerly) the governor of a residency in the Dutch East Indies.
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adjective
  1. residing; dwelling in a place.
  2. living or staying at a place in discharge of duty.
  3. (of qualities) existing; intrinsic.
  4. (of birds) not migratory.
    1. encoded and permanently available to a computer user, as a font in a printer's ROM or software on a CD-ROM.
    2. (of a computer program) currently active or standing by in computer memory.
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Origin of resident

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin resident- (stem of residēns), present participle of residēre to reside; see -ent
Related formsres·i·dent·ship, nounpseu·do·res·i·dent, adjectiveun·res·i·dent, adjective
Can be confusedcitizen resident
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for residentship

resident

noun
  1. a person who resides in a place
  2. social welfare an occupant of a welfare agency homeFormer name: inmate
  3. (esp formerly) a representative of the British government in a British protectorate
  4. (esp in the 17th century) a diplomatic representative ranking below an ambassador
  5. (in India, formerly) a representative of the British governor general at the court of a native prince
  6. a bird or other animal that does not migrate
  7. US and Canadian a physician who lives in the hospital where he or she works while undergoing specialist training after completing his or her internshipCompare house physician
  8. British and NZ a junior doctor, esp a house officer, who lives in the hospital in which he or she works
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adjective
  1. living in a place; residing
  2. living or staying at a place in order to discharge a duty, etc
  3. (of qualities, characteristics, etc) existing or inherent (in)
  4. (of birds and other animals) not in the habit of migrating
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Derived Formsresidentship, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for residentship

resident

n.

mid-15c., "an inhabitant, one who resides," from resident (adj.). Meaning "medical graduate in practice in a hospital as training" first attested 1892, American English.

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resident

adj.

late 14c., "dwelling, residing," from Old French resident and directly from Latin residentem (nominative residens), present participle of residere "to sit down, settle" (see reside).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

residentship in Medicine

resident

(rĕzĭ-dənt)
n.
  1. A physician during residency.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.