resonance

[rez-uh-nuh ns]

noun


Nearby words

  1. resolvable,
  2. resolve,
  3. resolved,
  4. resolvent,
  5. resolving power,
  6. resonance radiation,
  7. resonant,
  8. resonant cavity,
  9. resonant circuit,
  10. resonant-jet engine

Origin of resonance

1485–95; < Middle French < Latin resonantia echo, equivalent to reson(āre) to resound + -antia -ance

Related formshy·per·res·o·nance, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for resonance


British Dictionary definitions for resonance

resonance

noun

the condition or quality of being resonant
sound produced by a body vibrating in sympathy with a neighbouring source of sound
the condition of a body or system when it is subjected to a periodic disturbance of the same frequency as the natural frequency of the body or system. At this frequency the system displays an enhanced oscillation or vibration
amplification of speech sounds by sympathetic vibration in the bone structure of the head and chest, resounding in the cavities of the nose, mouth, and pharynx
electronics the condition of an electrical circuit when the frequency is such that the capacitive and inductive reactances are equal in magnitude. In a series circuit there is then maximum alternating current whilst in a parallel circuit there is minimum alternating current
med the sound heard when percussing a hollow bodily structure, esp the chest or abdomen. Change in the quality of the sound often indicates an underlying disease or disorder
chem the phenomenon in which the electronic structure of a molecule can be represented by two or more hypothetical structures involving single, double, and triple chemical bonds. The true structure is considered to be an average of these theoretical structures
physics
  1. the condition of a system in which there is a sharp maximum probability for the absorption of electromagnetic radiation or capture of particles
  2. a type of elementary particle of extremely short lifetime. Resonances are regarded as excited states of more stable particles
  3. a highly transient atomic state formed during a collision process

Word Origin for resonance

C16: from Latin resonāre to resound

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for resonance

resonance

n.

mid-15c., in acoustics, "prolongation of sound by reverberation;" 1660s, "act of resonating;" from Middle French resonance (15c.), from Latin resonantia "echo," from resonare "to sound again" (see resound). Earlier in same sense was resonation (early 15c.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for resonance

resonance

[rĕzə-nəns]

n.

The sound produced by diagnostic percussion of the normal chest.
Intensification of vocal tones during articulation, as by the air cavities of the mouth and nasal passages.
Intensification and prolongation of sound produced by sympathetic vibration.
The property of a compound having simultaneously the characteristics of two or more structural forms that differ only in the distribution of electrons.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for resonance

resonance

[rĕzə-nəns]

Oscillation induced in a physical system when it is affected by another system that is itself oscillating at the right frequency. For example, a swing will swing to greater heights if each consecutive push on it is timed to be in rhythm with the initial swing. Radios are tuned to pick up one radio frequency rather than another using a resonant circuit that resonates strongly with the incoming signal at only a narrow band of frequencies. The soundboards of musical instruments, contrastingly, are designed to resonate with a large range of frequencies produced by the instrument. See also harmonic motion.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.