rest

1
[rest]
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noun

verb (used without object)

verb (used with object)


Idioms

    at rest,
    1. in a state of repose, as in sleep.
    2. dead.
    3. quiescent; inactive; not in motion: the inertia of an object at rest.
    4. free from worry; tranquil: Nothing could put his mind at rest.
    lay to rest,
    1. to inter (a dead body); bury: He was laid to rest last Thursday.
    2. to allay, suppress, or appease.

Origin of rest

1
before 900; (noun) Middle English, Old English; akin to German Rast; (v.) Middle English resten, Old English restan; akin to German rasten
Related formsrest·er, noun
Can be confusedrest wrest

Synonyms for rest

rest

2
[rest]

noun

the part that is left or remains; remainder: The rest of the students are in the corridor.
the others: All the rest are going.
British Banking. surplus(defs 1, 2).

verb (used without object)

to continue to be; remain as specified: Rest assured that all is well.

Origin of rest

2
1375–1425; (v.) late Middle English resten to remain due or unpaid < Middle French rester to remain < Latin restāre to remain standing, equivalent to re- re- + stāre to stand; (noun) late Middle English < Middle French reste, noun derivative of rester

rest

3
[rest]

noun Armor.

a support for a lance; lance rest.

Origin of rest

3
First recorded in 1490–1500; aphetic variant of arrest
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for rest

Contemporary Examples of rest

Historical Examples of rest

  • I was with him when he died, but knew not the hour he departed, for he sunk to rest like an infant.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • I need cheerfulness and rest for a long time after this day in town.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • The rest of the estate went to the testator's widow for life, and then to charity.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • Now they neared the foot of the shaft where the rest of the party seemed to await them.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • Let it go and tuck in your handkerchief like the rest of us.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson


British Dictionary definitions for rest

rest

1

noun

  1. relaxation from exertion or labour
  2. (as modifier)a rest period
repose; sleep
any relief or refreshment, as from worry or something troublesome
calm; tranquillity
death regarded as reposeeternal rest
cessation from motion
at rest
  1. not moving; still
  2. calm; tranquil
  3. dead
  4. asleep
a pause or interval
a mark in a musical score indicating a pause of specific duration
prosody a pause in or at the end of a line; caesura
a shelter or lodginga seaman's rest
a thing or place on which to put something for support or to steady it; prop
billiards snooker any of various special poles used as supports for the cue in shots that cannot be made using the hand as a support
come to rest to slow down and stop
lay to rest to bury (a dead person)
set someone's mind at rest to reassure someone or settle someone's mind

verb

to take or give rest, as by sleeping, lying down, etc
to place or position (oneself, etc) for rest or relaxation
(tr) to place or position for support or steadyingto rest one's elbows on the table
(intr) to be at ease; be calm
to cease or cause to cease from motion or exertion; halt
to lie dead and buried
(intr) to remain without further attention or actionlet the matter rest
to direct (one's eyes) or (of one's eyes) to be directedher eyes rested on the sleeping child
to depend or cause to depend; base; relythe whole argument rests on one crucial fact
to place or be placed, as blame, censure, etc
to put pastry in a cool place to allow the gluten to contract
(intr ; foll by with, on, upon, etc) to be a responsibility (of)it rests with us to apportion blame
law to finish the introduction of evidence in (a case)
rest on one's laurels See laurel (def. 9)
rest on one's oars
  1. to stop rowing for a time
  2. to stop doing anything for a time
Derived Formsrester, noun

Word Origin for rest

Old English ræst, reste, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic rasta a mile, Old Norse röst mile

rest

2

noun the rest

something left or remaining; remainder
the othersthe rest of the world

verb

(copula) to continue to be (as specified); remainrest assured

Word Origin for rest

C15: from Old French rester to remain, from Latin rēstāre, from re- + stāre to stand
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for rest
n.1

"sleep," Old English ræste, reste "rest, bed, intermission of labor, mental peace," common Germanic (cf. Old Saxon resta "resting place, burial-place," Dutch rust, Old High German rasta, German Rast "rest, peace, repose"), of uncertain origin.

Original sense seems to be a measure of distance (cf. Old High German rasta, which in addition to "rest" meant "league of miles," Old Norse rost "league, distance after which one rests," Gothic rasta "mile, stage of a journey"), perhaps a word from the nomadic period. Unless the original sense is "repose," thence extended secondarily to "distance between two resting place."

The meaning "support, thing upon which something rests" is attested from 1580s. At rest "dead" is from mid-14c., on the notion of "last rest." Rest stop is from 1973. Colloquial expression to give (something) a rest "to stop talking about it" is first recorded 1927, American English.

n.2

"remainder, that which is left after a separation," early 15c., from Middle French reste "remnant," from rester "to remain" (see rest (v.2)). Meaning "others, those not included in a proposition" is from 1530s.

v.1

"repose, cease from action," Old English ræstan, restan "take repose by lying down; lie in death or in the grave; cease from motion, work, or performance; be without motion; be undisturbed, be free from what disquiets; stand or lie as upon a support or basis," from root of rest (n.1). Transitive senses "give repose to; lay or place, as on a support or basis" are from early 13c. Meaning "cease from, have intermission" is late 14c., also "rely on for support." Related: Rested; resting. Common Germanic, cf. Old Frisian resta, Dutch rusten, Old High German raston, German rasten, Swedish rasta, Danish raste "to rest." Resting place is from mid-14c.

v.2

"to be left, remain," mid-15c., from Old French rester "to remain," from Latin restare "stand back, be left," from re- "back" (see re-) + stare "to stand" (see stet). Partially confused and merged with the other verb rest. Sense of "to continue to be" is in rest assured. Transitive sense of "to keep, cause to continue to remain" was common in 16c.-17c., "used with a predicate adjective following and qualifying the object" [Century Dictionary], hence phrase rest you merry (1540s); God rest you merry, gentlemen, often is mis-punctuated.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

rest in Medicine

rest

[rĕst]

n.

Cessation of work, exertion, or activity.
Peace, ease, or refreshment resulting from sleep or the cessation of an activity.
Sleep or quiet relaxation.
Mental or emotional tranquillity.
A device used as a support, as for the back.
A group of embryonic cells or a portion of fetal tissue that has become displaced during development.
An extension from a prosthesis that gives vertical support to a dental restoration.

v.

To cease motion, work, or activity.
To lie down, especially to sleep.
To be supported or based; lie, lean, or sit.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with rest

rest

In addition to the idioms beginning with rest

  • rest assured
  • rest on one's laurels

also see:

  • at rest
  • lay at rest
  • lay to rest
  • set one's mind at rest
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.