- the excess of assets over liabilities accumulated throughout the existence of a business, excepting assets against which stock certificates have been issued; excess of net worth over capital-stock value.
- an amount of assets in excess of what is requisite to meet liabilities.
verb (used with object), sur·plussed or sur·plused,sur·plus·sing or sur·plus·ing.
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Origin of surplus
synonym study for surplus
WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH surplussurplice, surplus
Words nearby surplus
Example sentences from the Web for surplus
Far from helping to explain the southpaw surplus, the platoon effect must actually suppress the number of left-handed pitchers.What Really Gives Left-Handed Pitchers Their Edge?|Guy Molyneux|August 17, 2020|FiveThirtyEight
I mean, don’t get me started on ethanol, because that’s the next step in reducing the surplus.How the Supermarket Helped America Win the Cold War (Ep. 386 Rebroadcast)|Stephen J. Dubner|August 6, 2020|Freakonomics
Just a few months ago, states like New Mexico were talking about a huge budget surplus.How the global oil collapse ripped a hole in US state budgets|Michael J. Coren|July 25, 2020|Quartz
Careful analysis of meteorites by Dworkin and others has found that certain “live” amino acids outnumber “evil” ones by 20% or more, a surplus they may have passed on to Earth.Cosmic Rays May Explain Life’s Bias for Right-Handed DNA|Charlie Wood|June 29, 2020|Quanta Magazine
Such a property would allow them to scatter with electrons at an enhanced rate, explaining the surplus of electronic recoils.
Scottish farmers had already been making whisky in the area for centuries with their surplus barley.
Sergei was wearing his uniform off-duty when I met him: a khaki t-shirt and a pair of army surplus pants.
In September 2013, the government reported a surplus of $75.1 billion.
This is an era of change coming thick and fast after the war, and London is a city of surplus women and new class mobility.Sarah Waters’s New Novel Rewrites the Rules of Love|Lucy Scholes|September 20, 2014|DAILY BEAST
But we now have all this surplus military weaponry going to police forces.Rory Kennedy on ‘Last Days in Vietnam,’ the Parallels Between Vietnam and Iraq, and Ferguson|Marlow Stern|September 1, 2014|DAILY BEAST
We did plan a great trip—father and mother and Tim and I—we were going to England together when the farm showed a surplus.The Soldier of the Valley|Nelson Lloyd
If there is a surplus after satisfying the mortgage debt it must be paid to the mortgagor, or, if he is dead, to his heir.Putnam's Handy Law Book for the Layman|Albert Sidney Bolles
He even piled Cash's end of the hearth high with the surplus, after his own side was heaped full.Cabin Fever|B. M. Bower
He thought it desirable, he continued, that a reduction of taxes should be made to the extent of this surplus.
But this surplus would be further reduced by a change which was proposed in the spirit duties.
British Dictionary definitions for surplus
noun plural -pluses
- an excess of total assets over total liabilities
- an excess of actual net assets over the nominal value of capital stock
- an excess of revenues over expenditures during a certain period of time
- an excess of government revenues over expenditures during a certain financial year
- an excess of receipts over payments on the balance of payments
Word Origin for surplus
Cultural definitions for surplus
An unsold quantity of a good resulting from a lack of equilibrium in a market. For example, if a price is artificially high, sellers will bring more goods to the market than buyers will be willing to buy. (Compare shortage.)