shotgun

[ shot-guhn ]
/ ˈʃɒtˌgʌn /

noun

a smoothbore gun for firing small shots to kill birds and small quadrupeds, though often used with buckshot to kill larger animals.
Football. an offensive formation, designed primarily for passing situations, in which the backfield is spread out with the quarterback positioned a few yards behind the center and the other backs, as potential pass receivers, positioned as slotbacks or flankers.

adjective

verb (used with object), shot·gunned, shot·gun·ning.

to fire a shotgun at.

Idioms

    ride shotgun,
    1. (formerly) to ride atop a stagecoach as a shotgun-bearing guard.
    2. to protect or keep a watchful eye on something: riding shotgun over the nation's economy.

Origin of shotgun

An Americanism dating back to 1770–80; shot1 + gun1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for ride shotgun

shotgun

/ (ˈʃɒtˌɡʌn) /

noun

  1. a shoulder firearm with unrifled bore designed for the discharge of small shot at short range and used mainly for hunting small game
  2. (as modifier)shotgun fire
American football an offensive formation in which the quarterback lines up for a snap unusually far behind the line of scrimmage

adjective

mainly US involving coercion or duressa shotgun merger
mainly US involving or relying on speculative suggestions, etca shotgun therapy

verb -guns, -gunning or -gunned

(tr) US to shoot or threaten with or as if with a shotgun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ride shotgun

shotgun


n.

1821, American English, from shot (n.) in the sense of "lead in small pellets" (1770) + gun (n.). As distinguished from a rifle, which fires bullets. Shotgun wedding first attested 1903, American English.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with ride shotgun (1 of 2)

ride shotgun


Guard someone or something while in transit, as in The reporter found himself in the odd position of riding shotgun for an accused mobster. This term alludes to the armed defender of a stagecoach who sat beside the driver to protect against marauders and bandits. Later it was transferred to anyone riding in the front passenger seat of a motor vehicle, as well as to the more general function of protection. [Mid-1900s]

Idioms and Phrases with ride shotgun (2 of 2)

shotgun


In addition to the idiom beginning with shotgun

, also see

  • ride shotgun

.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.