Origin of roast

1250–1300; Middle English rosten (v.) < Old French rostir < Germanic; compare Dutch roosten, German rösten
Related formsroast·a·ble, adjectivehalf-roast·ed, adjectiveo·ver·roast, verbun·der·roast, verb (used with object)un·roast·ed, adjectivewell-roast·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Related Words for roast

lampoon, ridicule, lambaste, razz

Examples from the Web for roast

Contemporary Examples of roast

Historical Examples of roast

British Dictionary definitions for roast


verb (mainly tr)

to cook (meat or other food) by dry heat, usually with added fat and esp in an oven
to brown or dry (coffee, etc) by exposure to heat
metallurgy to heat (an ore) in order to produce a concentrate that is easier to smelt
to heat (oneself or something) to an extreme degree, as when sunbathing, sitting before the fire, etc
(intr) to be excessively and uncomfortably hot
informal to criticize severely


something that has been roasted, esp meat

Word Origin for roast

C13: from Old French rostir, of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch roosten to roast
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for roast

late 13c., "to cook by dry heat," from Old French rostir "to roast, burn" (Modern French rôtir), from Frankish *hraustjan (cf. Old High German rosten, German rösten, Middle Dutch roosten "to roast"), originally "cook on a grate or gridiron," related to Germanic words meaning "gridiron, grate;" cf. German Rost, Middle Dutch roost.

Intransitive sense "be very hot, be exposed to great heat" is from c.1300. The meaning "make fun of in an affectionate way" is from 1710. From the same source as roster. Related: Roasted; roasting. Roast beef first recorded 1630s (cf. French rosbif, from English).


early 14c., "meat roasted or for roasting;" see roast (v.). Meaning "a roasting" is from 1580s. Sense of "an unmerciful bantering" is from 1740.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper