[ rohbz-peer, -pee-air; French raw-bes-pyer ]

  1. Max·i·mi·lien Fran·çois Ma·rie I·si·dore de [mak-see-mee-lyanfrahn-swama-reeee-zee-dawrduh], /mak si miˈlyɛ̃ frɑ̃ˈswa maˈri i ziˈdɔr də/, 1758–94, French lawyer and revolutionary leader.

Words Nearby Robespierre Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use Robespierre in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for Robespierre


/ (ˈrəʊbzpjɛə, French rɔbzpjɛr) /

  1. Maximilien François Marie Isidore de . (maksimiljɛ̃ frɑ̃swa mari izidɔr də). 1758–94, French revolutionary and Jacobin leader: established the Reign of Terror as a member of the Committee of Public Safety (1793–94): executed in the coup d'état of Thermidor (1794)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for Robespierre


[ (rohbz-pee-air, rohbz-peer, roh-bes-pyair) ]

A French political leader of the eighteenth century. Robespierre, a Jacobin, was one of the most radical leaders of the French Revolution. He was in charge of the government during the Reign of Terror, when thousands of persons were executed without trial. After a public reaction against his extreme policies, he was executed without trial.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.