• synonyms


[roo-fing, roo f-ing]
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  1. the act of covering with a roof.
  2. material for roofs.
  3. a roof.
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Origin of roofing

First recorded in 1400–50, roofing is from the late Middle English word rovyng. See roof, -ing1


[roof, roo f]
noun, plural roofs.
  1. the external upper covering of a house or other building.
  2. a frame for supporting this: an open-timbered roof.
  3. the highest part or summit: The Himalayas are the roof of the world.
  4. something that in form or position resembles the roof of a house, as the top of a car, the upper part of the mouth, etc.
  5. a house.
  6. Mining. the rock immediately above a horizontal mineral deposit.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to provide or cover with a roof.
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  1. go through the roof,
    1. to increase beyond all expectations: Foreign travel may very well go through the roof next year.
    2. Also hit the roof,Informal.to lose one's temper; become extremely angry.
  2. raise the roof, Informal.
    1. to create a loud noise: The applause raised the roof.
    2. to complain or protest noisily: He'll raise the roof when he sees that bill.
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Origin of roof

before 900; Middle English (noun); Old English hrōf; cognate with Dutch roef cover, cabin, Old Norse hrōf
Related formsroof·like, adjectivere·roof, verb (used with object)self-roofed, adjectiveun·der·roof, nounun·roofed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for roofing

beam, plaster, roof, protect, hide, shield, harbor, surround, lodge, shelter, defend, cover, conceal, safeguard, climb, finish, cap, face, covert, dome

Examples from the Web for roofing

Contemporary Examples of roofing

Historical Examples of roofing

  • Coupeau was then finishing the roofing of a new three-storied house.


    Emile Zola

  • The roofing which remains is executed entirely in stone, but not arched or vaulted.


    Thomas Roger Smith

  • The roofing of these two rooms and some ironwork on the gate remained to be completed.

    When the West Was Young

    Frederick R. Bechdolt

  • The leaf of the sago is preferable for the roofing of houses to the nibong.

  • The building was unfinished; the sky could be seen through the joists of the roofing.

    Madame Bovary

    Gustave Flaubert

British Dictionary definitions for roofing


  1. material used to construct a roof
  2. the act of constructing a roof
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noun plural roofs (ruːfs, ruːvz)
    1. a structure that covers or forms the top of a building
    2. (in combination)the rooftop
    3. (as modifier)a roof garden
  1. the top covering of a vehicle, oven, or other structurethe roof of a car
  2. anatomy any structure that covers an organ or partthe roof of the mouth
  3. a highest or topmost point or partMount Everest is the roof of the world
  4. a house or other sheltera poor man's roof
  5. mountaineering the underside of a projecting overhang
  6. hit the roof or go through the roof informal
    1. to get extremely angry; become furious
    2. to rise or increase steeply
  7. raise the roof
    1. to create a boisterous disturbance
    2. to react or protest heatedly
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  1. (tr) to provide or cover with a roof or rooflike part
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Derived Formsroofer, nounroofless, adjectiverooflike, adjective

Word Origin for roof

Old English hrōf; related to Middle Dutch, Old Norse hrōf
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for roofing



Old English hrof "roof, ceiling, top, summit; heaven, sky," also figuratively, "highest point of something," from Proto-Germanic *khrofam (cf. Old Frisian rhoof "roof," Middle Dutch roof, rouf "cover, roof," Dutch roef "deckhouse, cabin, coffin-lid," Middle High German rof "penthouse," Old Norse hrof "boat shed").

No apparent connections outside Germanic. "English alone has retained the word in a general sense, for which the other languages use forms corresponding to OE. þæc thatch" [OED]. Roof of the mouth is from late Old English. Raise the roof "create an uproar" is attested from 1860, originally in U.S. Southern dialect.

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early 15c., from roof (n.). Related: Roofed; roofing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

roofing in Medicine


(rōōf, ruf)
  1. The upper surface of an anatomical structure, especially one having a vaulted inner structure.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with roofing


In addition to the idiom beginning with roof

  • roof over one's head, a

also see:

  • go through the roof
  • hit the ceiling (roof)
  • like a cat on hot bricks (a hot tin roof)
  • raise the roof
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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.